I. PRINCIPAL COURSES
PC 01 General Norms (Part I-II) 6 Cr
I. Introduction to the Code of Canon Law: preliminary canons (1-6); laws, customs, general decrees and general executive decrees, instructions (7-34); singular administrative acts (35-93); statutes and ordinances (94-95). II. Physical and juridical persons, juridic acts (96-128); power of governance (129-144); ecclesiastical offices: provision and loss (145-196); prescription and the reckoning of time (197-203).
Bibliography: Alesandro, J.A., “The Revision of the Code of Canon Law: A Background Study,” in Studia canonica, 24(1990), pp. 91-146. De Paolis, V., “L’atto giuridico,” in Periodica, 90(2001), pp. 185-223. García Martín, J., Le norme generali del Codex iuris canonici, 3rd edition, Roma, ediurcla, 1999. Huels, J., “The Power of Governance and Its Exercise by Lay Persons: A Juridical Approach,” in Studia canonica, 35(2001), pp. 59-96. Idem, “A Theory of Juridical Documents Based on Canons 29-34,” in Studia canonica, 32(1998), pp. 337-370. Martín de Agar, J.T., A Handbook on Canon Law, Montréal, Wilson & Lafleur, 1999. Mendonça, A., General Norms, Class-notes for the Private Use of the Students of Saint Paul University, Ottawa, 1988.
A. RayappanPC 0 2 Christifideles and Associations (Cann. 204-231; 298-329) 3 Cr
I. Christ’ Faithful in General: notions of faithful, laity, clergy; ecclesiology of the Pio Benedictine code – shift from Vatican II to the 1983 code; a study of conciliar documents and apostolic exhortation, Christifideles laici; distinction between common priesthood and ministerial priesthood; a study of the curial instruction of August 15, 1997, Ecclesiae de mysterio on the collaboration of lay faithful in the ministry of priests.
II. The Rights and Obligations of All the Faithful: general principles and analysis of individual canons; juridical implication of the rights and obligations; pastoral problems and prospective; associations of Christ’s faithful: history, common norms, grades of associations: public and private associations and their juridic status; special norms for lay associations.
Bibliography: Aa.Vv., I laici nel diritto della Chiesa, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1987. Le associazioni nella Chiesa, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1999. Amos, J. R., “A Legal History of Associations of the Christian Faithful,” in Studia canonica, 21(1987), pp. 271-297. Drilling, P. J., “Common and Ministerial Priesthood: Lumen Gentium, Article Ten,” in Irish Theological Quarterly, 54(1987), pp. 81-99. Herranz, J., “The Juridical Status of the Laity: The Contribution of the Conciliar Documents and the 1983 Code of Canon Law,” in Communicationes, 17(1985), pp. 287-315. Osborne, K.B., “The Meaning of Lay, Laity, and Lay Ministry in the Christian Theology of Church,” in Antonianum, 63(1988), pp. 227-258. Pagé, R., “Associations of the Faithful in the Church,” in The Jurist, 47(1987), pp. 165-203.
Formation of Clerics: basic notions, theological principles, clerical formation during the revision of the code, comparative study of the 1917 and 1983 codes; Incardination of Clerics: necessity, reasons, relationship between the particular church and the cleric; modes of incardination and excardination; the obligations and rights of clerics: clerical reverence and obedience; offices entrusted to clerics; duty to accept and carry out the office; cooperation among clerics; clerical associations; spirituality of clerics.
Loss of the clerical state: different modes of losing clerical status; process for the declaration of nullity of ordination; documents concerning the dispensation from the obligations of the clerical state.
Bibliography: Amenta, P., “La dispensa dagli obblighi della sacra ordinazione e la perdita dello stato clericale,” in Periodica, 88(1999), p. 331-359. Calvo, P.R and N.J. Klinger (eds), Clergy Procedural Handbook, Washington, DC, CLSA, 1992. De Melo, C.M., “Priests and Priestly Formation in the Code of Canon Law,” in Studia canonica, 27(1993), pp. 455-477. Navarro, L., “Juridical Status of the Clergy,” in Philippiniana sacra, 36(2001), pp. 247-265. Oreilly, M., “Recent Developments in the Laicization of Priests,” in The Jurist, 52(1992), pp. 684-696. Woestman, W.H., The Sacrament of Orders and the Clerical State, Bangalore, TPI, 1999.
The course initiates students into reading and understanding the various juridical documents and scientific studies in canon law. While providing them an opportunity to comprehend some select writings through discussions and explanations in the class, colloquia with the professor, written and oral assignments, the course aims at developing in the students a love for reading, capacity for understanding the finer nuances of law and interpretations, and an aptitude for the science of canon law by taking into consideration the pastoral nature of canon law and the vocation of canonists in the Church.
The great influence of the Second Vatican Council on the Church and in the world; the canonical and pastoral aggiornamento initiated by this twentieth century Council. The influence of the Council on the Code: “The instrument, such as the Code is, fully accords with the nature of the Church, particularly as presented in the authentic teachings of the Second Vatican Council, seen as a whole and especially in its ecclesiological doctrine. In fact, in a certain sense, this new Code can be viewed as a great effort to translate the conciliar ecclesiological teaching into canonical terms.” ((John Paul II, Apostolic Constitution, Sacrae disciplinae leges, 25 January 1983). This context leads to (a) the general history of the council (b) the various documents and their nature (c) the conciliar sources for the code (d) examination of select canons to see how the conciliar texts have been incorporated and been drafted as canons in the code.
Bibliography: Castillo Lara, J., “La place du droit canonique dans une vision conciliare de l’Eglise,” in Studia canonica, 24(1990), pp. 5-26. W. H. Woestman (ed), Papal Allocutions to the Roman Rota 1939-2002, Ottawa, Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University, 2002. Ghirlanda, G., Introduzione al diritto ecclesiale, Roma, Piemme, 1993. Ombres, R., “Canon Law and the Mystery of the Church,” in Irish Theological Quarterly, 62(1997), pp. 200-212. The entire first volume of The Jurist, 57(1997) has relevant articles on the doctrine of reception. Örsy, L., From Vision to Legislation: From the Council to a Code of Laws, Milwaukee, Marquette University Press, 1985. Corecco, E., “Aspects of the Reception of Vatican II in the Code of Canon Law,” in Alberigo, G. et al (eds), The Reception of Vatican II, Washington, DC, The Catholic University, 1987.
I. Introduction: method in general, scientific methodology, canonical methodology; sources of canonical knowledge and documentary sources of canon law; scholar’s tools – the library, catalogue, archives, bibliography –its preparation, method, classification of documents,
II. The Preparation of Canonical Works: undertaking scientific research, development of scientific work, seminars, papers, articles and reviews. Writing the work/thesis – the nature, theme, the style, composition, quotations, footnotes, references and proper methodology.
III. Practical Assignments: discovery of ancient documents, drafting responses to canonical consultations; review of an article; preparation of bibliography.
IV. Seminar Paper: - each student gives an oral presentation on a canonical theme in the class, followed by discussions and evaluation. Finally, each student develops the same theme and presents a written paper of 25 pages incorporating scientific methodology.
Bibliography: Madsen, D., Successful Dissertations and Theses, San Francisco, Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1983. Morrisey, F., Canonical Methodology, (class-notes for the students) Ottawa, Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University, 1991. Sastre Santos, E., Metodologia giuridica, Roma, Ediurcla, 2002. Turabian, K.L., A Manual For Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 5th edition, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1987.
AC 01 Roman Law 2 Cr
I. Law: definition, division, subject and object of law; promulgation and obligation of law, interpretation and cessation of law.
II. Influence of Roman Law on Canon Law: the political history of Rome; the great legal periods of history; sources and divisions of Roman Law; Gaius and compilation of Justinian. Some specific themes: subjects of law – man and person; juridic personality; juridic persons, corporations and foundations; the Roman family – society and marriage, property and contracts; civil procedure.
Bibliography: Gauthier, A., Roman Law and Its Contribution to the Development of Canon Law, Ottawa, Saint Paul University, 1996. Jolowicz, H.F., Historical Introduction to the Study of Roman Law, Holms Beach, Florida, Gaunt, 1994. Kaser, M., Roman Private Law, A translation by R. Dannenbring, 4th edition, Pretoria, University of South Africa, 1984. Nicholas, B., An Introduction to Roman Law, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1975.
I. Law in the Life of the Church; Introduction to the canonical sources; concepts and terms; sources and legal discipline; Scripture as the source of law.
II. Historical Periods: (a) Early Church till Gratian: chronological and systematic collections of the Latin and Oriental Churches; the local, regional and ecumenical councils; other collections: libri paenitentiales, liturgical books, formularies, pseudo-collections, and collections of civil law; scholars: Buchard of Worms, Ivo of Chartres and Alger of Liège. (b) From Gratian To Trent: historical background – papal power, new religious orders, and universities; Documentary sources – decretum Gratiani, decretals of Gregory IX, Liber sextus, Constitutiones Clementinae, the Extravagantes, the formation of Corpus iuris canonici; the decretists and decretalists; the science of canon law and its study; the canonists of the classical period. (c) Trent to 1917 Code: collections of the Acts of Popes, Councils and the Roman Curia; liturgical Books; attempts at new codification.
III. From 1917 Code to the Present: background, preparation for 1917 Code and its general structure, salient features; later papal and curial legislation; Vatican II and the canonical aggiornamento; revision of the Code – Pontifical Commission; the guiding principles; the various drafts; promulgation; structure and features of the 1983 Codex Iuris Canonici; the constitution Pastor bonus, the background preparation and promulgation of the Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium; its structure and characteristics.
Bibliography: D’Souza, Victor G., History of Canon Law, Class note for the Private Use of the Students, Bangalore, St Peter’s Pontifical Institute, 2003. Berman, H.J., Law and Revolution: The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition, London, Harvard University Press, 1983. Cicognani, A., Canon Law, Westminster, Newman Book Shop, 1934. Erdö, P., Storia della scienza del diritto canonico: Una introduzione, Roma, Editrice Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 1999. Gaudemet, J., Storia del diritto canonico: Ecclesia et civitas, Milano, Edizioni San Paolo, 1998. Metz, R., “Canon Law, History of,” in New Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, New York, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1967, pp. 34-50. Van de Wiel, C. History of Canon Law, Louvain, Peeters Press, 1991.
I. Introduction: difficulties and objections against the philosophy of law; necessity of philosophy of law; notion and distinction from other juridical sciences; various theories of law.
II. Human Person: notion of person; person as social being; common good; juridical order; justice and law; pluralism, secularism, morality and law; critique of legal positivism; theories of penalty and justice; human rights
III. Natural Law and Positive Law: philosophical schools of juridical positivism and natural law; relationship between faith and reason - in this context, study of the Encyclicals, Veritatis splendor, Evangelium vitae and Fides et ratio.
Bibliography: Barrett, R., “The Philosophical Presuppositions of the Code,” in Periodica, 89(2000), pp. 491-529. D’Agostino, F., Filosofia del diritto, Torino, G. Giappichelli Editore, 1993. De Paolis, V., “Reflessioni di cultura e filosofia del diritto sull’Enciclica Evangelium vitae,” in Periodica, 86(1997), pp. 7-55. Dworkin, R.M. (ed.), The Philosophy of Law: Readings, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1977. Finnis, J. Natural Law and Natural Rights, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1980. Kolacinski, M., Dio fonte del diritto naturale: Linee di dibattito tra teologia morale e filosofia del diritto, Rome, Gregorian University Press, 1997.
AC 04 Theology of Law & Law in the Bible 2 Cr
Introduction; meaning of law in the Bible; historical development: pre-mosaic and mosaic period; from Moses to exilic times; Kings and the law; the Law and the prophets; Rabbinic literature; Maccabean revolt; Law from the times of Christ: in the Gospels and in Pauline literature. Conclusion. The course is aimed to demonstrate that “the distant heritage of law is contained in the books of the Old and New Testaments. It is from this, as from its the first source, that the whole juridical and legislative tradition of the Church derives” (John Paul II, Apostolic Constitution, Sacrae disciplinae leges, 25 January 1983).
Reflection on the law of the Church and the conciliar teachings and principles that influenced the Code. The relationship between charism and institution. The recent discourses and allocutions of Roman Pontiffs. The study of the Apostolic Constitutions, Sacrae disciplinae leges and Sacri canones. Human juridic experience and juridic experience of the Church.
Bibliography: W. H. Woestman (ed), Papal Allocutions to the Roman Rota 1939-2002, Ottawa, Faculty of Canon Law, Saint Paul University, 2002. Bassett, W.W., “Law and Institutions in the Apostolic Church,” in The Jurist, 32(1972), pp. 224-233. Composta, D., “I fondamenti biblici del diritto canonico,” in Divinitas, 44(2001), pp. 272-298. Örsy, L., Theology and Canon Law: New Horizons for Legislation and Interpretation, Collegeville, The Liturgical Press, 1992. Fitzmyer, Saint Paul and the Law,” in The Jurist, 27(1967), pp. 18-36. Gaudemet, J., “Sagesse biblique et droit canonique,” in M. Thériault and J. Thorn (eds), Unico Ecclesiae servititio, Ottawa, Saint Paul University, 1991, pp. 31-51. Noth, M., The Laws in the Pentateuch and other Studies, London, Oliver & Boyd, 1966. Westerholm, S., “Torah, nomos, and Law: A Question of Meaning,” in Studies in Religion, 15(1986), pp. 327-336. The various articles on “Law in World Religions,” in Journal of Dharma, 22(1997), pp. 373-530. Redaelli, C., Il concetto di diritto della chiesa, Milano, Glossa, 1991.
A brief survey of the Constitution of India; the contribution of Catholics in the drafting of the constitution; freedom of religion in general; freedom of conscience and freedom of religion; practice and propagation of faith; freedom to manage religious freedom; right to establish, maintain, administer institutions; right to acquire property; offences relating to religion; a study of anti-conversion bills and our response; problems relating to conversions; the minority status of Christian community and the rights and privileges enshrined in the constitution for these minorities.
Bibliography: Basu, D., Introduction to the Constitution of India, New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India Ltd, 1980. Prasad, K. Religious Freedom under the Indian Constitution, Calcutta, Minerva Associates, 1977. Murray, J.C., Problem of Religious Freedom, London, Geoffrey Chapman, 1965. Srivastava, D.K., Religious Freedom in India: A Historical and Constitutional Study, New Delhi, Deep and Deep Publications, 1982. Mathew, P.D., Freedom of Religion in India, New Delhi, ISI, 1994. Saldanha, J., Conversion and Indian Law, Bangalore, 1981. Raju, M.P., Religious Conversion: Legal Implications, Chennai, Serfac, 1994. Vallamattam, J. and Mani Joseph (eds), Judgements on Minority Rights: Supreme Court of India, 2 vols, 1996. Thampu, V., Religion and Politics: Minorities and the Regeneration of the Main Stream, New Delhi, Media House, 1999.
EC 01 Ethical-Canonical Issues –I 1 Cr
Sexual Misconduct of Clerics with Minors: nature of human sexuality, the sixth commandment and related moral issues; sexual deviations; definition of Pedophilia, clinical consideration; causes: environmental, biological and psychological; presence of other addictions or aberrations; prognosis and therapy: treatment and counseling of the perpetrator and victims.
Formation in clerical celibacy and suitability for ordination; priestly ministry and obligation to seek holiness in life; the obligation of clerical chastity in celibacy; moral and canonical consequences of violation of celibacy; scandal; issues related to good reputation and privacy. Issues related to solicitation in confession and absolution of accomplice in sins against the sixth commandment.
The responsibility of the bishop concerning the discipline of clerics; allegations of sexual misconduct: rights of the Christian community; proper investigation; question of immutability; mental disturbance – psychological infirmity: irregularity, cann. 1325 and 1395; warning; administrative leave and reassignment; suspension and dismissal from clerical state.
Bibliography: Cafardi, N.P., “Stones Instead of Bread: Sexually Abusive Priests in Ministry,” in Studia canonica, 27(1993), pp. 145-172. Fischer, K.E., “Respondeat superior redux: May a Diocesan Bishop be Vicariously Liable for the Intentional Torts of his Priests?” in Studia canonica, 23(1989), pp. 119-148. Ghirlanda, G., “Doveri e diritti implicati nei casi di abusi sessuali perpetrati da chierici,” in Periodica, 91(2002), pp. 29-48. Ingels, G., “Dismissal from the Clerical State: An Examination of the Penal Process,” in Studia canonica, 33(1999), pp. 169-212. Morrisey, F., “Procedures to be Applied in Cases of Alleged Sexual Misconduct by a Priest,” in Studia canonica, 26(1992), pp. 39-73. Paulson, J.E., “The Clinical and Canonical Considerations in Cases of Pedophilia: The Bishop’s Role,” in Studia canonica, 22(1988), pp. 77-124. Provost, J.H., “Offences Against the Sixth Commandment: Towards a Canonical Interpretation of Canon 1395,” in The Jurist, 55(1995), 632-663. Tuohey, J., “The Correct Interpretation of Canon 1395: The Use of the Sixth Commandment in the Moral Tradition from Trent to Present Day,” in The Jurist, 55(1995), pp. 592-631.
LC 01 Latin (Part I-II-III) 8 Cr
The course consists of two parts: beginner’s level and the intermediate I-II level. The main components: Preliminary notions, parts of speech, syntax, inflection, syllables, accent and pronunciation, nouns, adverbs, adjectives, verbs numerals, pronouns, declensions and conjugations, order of words, rules of agreement, tenses, irregular verbs. Exercises in translations from Latin to English; Reading and Comprehension of Latin passages from liturgical and legislative texts. Introduction to translation of canons, legal vocabulary.
The third part of the course, taught in the second year deals with contemporary ecclesiastical legal Latin usage. It is a practical course oriented toward providing a facility in reading the Code, Latin commentators, and curial documents and Rotal decisions with emphasis on vocabulary, content, style and meaning. Latin Part I and II is a prerequisite for Latin Part III.
Bibliography: Henle, R.J., Latin, Chicago, Loyola Press, 1958. Lubbe, W.J.G., Latin for Law, Pretoria, University of South Africa, 2vols, 1981. Most, W.G., Latin by Natural Method, Chicago, Henry Regnery Co., 1960. Collins, J.F., A Primer of Ecclesiastical Latin, Washington, DC, The Catholic University of America Press, 1985.
The course introduces students of canon law to Italian language in order to facilitate their research ability by having access to sources in canon law, which are abundant in Italian. The course prepares students to obtain a working knowledge of the language.
Bibliography: Vellaccio, L. et al. Italian, Kent, Teach Yourself Books, 1985. Jackson, E. and J. Lopreato, Italian Made Simple, New York, Doubleday Dell Publishing Co., 1960. Furnò, L., Parla l’italiano, Roma, Città Nuova, 2 vols, 1997. Cagno, M., Conversational Italian in 20 Lessons, Cortina Method, New York, Henry holy and Company, 1977.
I. PRINCIPAL COURSES
PC 01 Marriage (Cann. 1055-1140) 3 Cr
Marriage – biblical foundation, developments in theology, nature of marriage, marriage as contract-covenant-sacrament; Pastoral care and the prerequisites for the celebration of marriage; diriment impediments, marital consent, canonical form; mixed marriages; secret celebration; effects of marriage; challenges to Christian marriage in a permissive society; canonical situation of the divorced and remarried and their pastoral care.
Bibliography: Chiappetta, L., Il matrimonio nella nuova legislazione canonica e concordartaria, Roma, Edizioni Dehoniane, 1990. Doyle, T.P. (ed.), Marriage Studies: Reflections in Canon Law and Theology, Washington, DC, CLSA, 4 vols. Gramunt, I. et al, Canons and Commentaries on Marriage, Collegeville, The Liturgical Press, 1987. Hendricks, J., Diritto matrimoniale: Commento ai canoni 1055-1165 del Codice di diritto canonico, Milano, Ancora, 1999. Longhitano, A., Matrimonio canonico fra tradizioni e rinnovamento, Bologna, EDB, 1985. McAreavey, J., The Canon Law of Marriage and Family, Dublin, Four Courts Press, 1997. Örsy, L., Marriage in Canon Law, Wilmington, Michael Glazier, 1986. Mendonça, A., “The Theological and Juridical Aspects of Marriage” in Studia canonica, 22(1988), pp. 265-304.
I. Notion of indissolubility; theological reflections on indissolubility of marriage; distinction between dissolution, separation, declaration of nullity; status of a ratified and consummated marriage and a ratified and non-consummated marriage; papal power over the marriages.
II. (a) Pauline Privilege: the theological foundations; the Pauline privilege in history, the sixteenth century constitutions – Altitudo, Romani Pontificis, and Populis – on polygamous marriages; commentary on canons1143-1150. (b) Dissolution in Favour of Faith: history, the competence of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; Instruction, Ut notum est and the present procedural Norms Potestas Ecclesiae, 30 April 2001) for drawing up a process for the dissolution in favour of faith – at the diocesan level and at the level of the congregation; the rescript and the conditions for a new marriage.
III. Separation while the bond remains: the obligation to maintain common conjugal life, the just reasons for separation, the role of the Ordinary, maintenance and upbringing of children, re-admittance of the spouse. IV. Validation of marriage: simple validation and retroactive validation; concepts, analysis of canons, pastoral problems.
Bibliography: Abate, A., Il matrimonio nella nuova legislazione canonica, Rome, Urbaniana University Press, 1985. Idem, The Dissolution of the Matrimonial Bond in Ecclesiastical Jurisprudence, Rome, Desclée, 1962. Aa Vv. I procedimenti speciali nel diritto canonico, Studi giuridici 26, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1992, pp. 157- 232. Hettinger, C.J., “The Law of Invalid Validation,” in Monitor ecclesiasticus, 124(1999), pp. 554-568. Kamas, J., The Separation of the Spouses with the Bond Remaining: Historical and Canonical Study with Pastoral Application, Rome, Gregorian University Press, 1997. Labelle, J.P., “Les incidences pastorales de la dissolution du mariage non sacramentel en faveur de la foi,” in Studia canonica, 33(1999), pp. 27-70. Woestman, H., Special Marriage Cases, Bangalore, Theological Publications in India, 1995. Sabbarese., “The Dissolution of a Non-Sacramental Marriage in Favour of the Faith”, in Studies in Church Law, 1(2005), pp. 199-243.
(Part III:Cann. 330-572) 6 Cr
I. The Supreme Authority of the Church: the Roman Pontiff and the College of Bishops, the Synod of Bishops, Cardinals, Roman Curia, and Papal Legates; Particular Churches: dioceses, bishops – diocesan and titular, impeded and vacant See; Groupings of Particular Churches: ecclesiastical provinces and regions, metropolitans, particular councils, Episcopal Conferences.
II. The Internal Ordering of Particular Churches: the diocesan synod, the diocesan curia and the officials: their qualities, appointment and functions. Participatory Structures: the college of consultors, the council of priests, chapter of canons, the pastoral council.
III. Parishes, Parish Priests and Parochial Vicars: notion of parishes, the influence of Vatican II on the concept, appointment and functions of parish priests and his assistants; vicar foranes; rectors of churches and Chaplains.
Bibliography: Aa. Vv. Il diritto nel mistero della Chiesa, vol. 2, Rome, PUL, 2001. Arrieta, J.I., Governance Structures within the Catholic Church, Montréal, Wilson and Lafleur, 2000. Coriden, J.A., The Parish in Catholic Tradition: History, Theology and Canon Law, New York, Paulist Press, 1997. Ghirlanda, G., Il diritto nella Chiesa: mistero di communione, Rome, PUG & San Paolo,1993, pp. 501-532. Karambai, S., Structures of Decision – Making in the Local Church, Bangalore, TPI, 2001. Sabbarese, L., La costituzione gerarchica della Chiesa universale e particulare, Rome, Urbaniana University Press, 2001. The professors will provide additional bibliography.
Rayappan A.PC 04 Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life (Cann. 573-746) 4 Cr
I. The consecrated life: history and sources, documents on consecrated life; theological and juridic dimensions of consecrated state; the charismatic and hierarchical structure of the church; ecclesiality of the consecrated state; baptismal and religious consecration; nature of consecrated life and institutes; profession of evangelical counsels; fraternal life.
II. Norms common to all institutes of consecrated life; typology of institutes, consecrated virgins, hermits and widowers; erection , aggregation, merger and union; proper law – constitution, directories, manuals and policies; power of superiors and chapters.
III. Norms proper to religious institutes: erection and suppression of religious house, governance of the institutes – superiors and councils, chapters and administration of goods, admission and formation, religious profession, rights and duties of religious; apostolate; separation – exclaustration, transfer, departure and dismissal; religious raised to episcopate and conference of major superiors.
IV. The secular institutes: origin and evolution, theological dimension; consecrated secularity; The societies of apostolic life: identity, origin and commentary on the canons.
Bibliography: Papal and Curial documents on Consecrated Life. Andrés, D.J., Il diritto dei religiosi: Commento esegetico al codice, Roma, ediurcla, 1996. Darcy, C. et al (eds), Procedural Handbook for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life, Washington, DC, CLSA, 2001. De Paolis, V., La vita consacrata nella Chiesa, Bologna, EDB, 1992. Gambari, E., Religious Life according to Vatican II and the New Code of Canon Law, Boston, St Paul Editions, 1986. Hite, J. et al (eds), A Handbook on Canons 573-746, Minnesota, The Liturgical Press, 1985. Pujol, C., La vita religiosa orientale, Roma, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1994.
The Church and the tria munera: teaching, sanctifying and governing; general theological principles on the sanctifying office; sanctifying office and sacraments; liturgy and the Church; documents on liturgy.
Preliminary canons on sanctifying office and sacraments; Baptism; Confirmation; Eucharist; Penance and Indulgences; Anointing of the Sick; Sacred Orders; Other acts of Divine Worship: sacramentals; liturgy of hours, ecclesiastical funerals, the cult of the saints, vows and oaths; Sacred Places: churches, oratories, private chapels, shrines altars and cemeteries; Sacred Times: feast days and days of penance.
Bibliography: Huels, J.M., The Pastoral Companion: A Canon Law Handbook for Catholic Ministry, Quincy, IL, Franciscan Press, 1995. Paguio, W.C., Notes on Sacraments and Sacramentals, 2nd edition, Philippines, St. Paul Publications, 1991. Salachas, D., Teologia e disciplina dei sacramenti nel Codici latino e orientale, Bologna, EDB, 1999. Woestman, W.H., Sacraments: Commentary on Canons 840-1007, Bangalore, TPI, 2005. Idem, The Sacrament of Orders and the Clerical State, Bangalore, TPI, 1999.
The nature of liturgical legislation. The discipline of the Constitution on the liturgy. A study and discussion on the subsequent liturgical disciplinary documents of the Holy See. Implementing documents, the praenotanda of the Roman liturgical books. The authority of diocesan bishops and conference of bishops. Norms regarding Mass stipends, Concelebration, Altar Servers, First Confession and Communion, Extraordinary Ministers of Communion, Church architecture and Liturgical decorum and so on. Particular liturgical books and norms. Relation of liturgical legislation to the Code of Canon Law, especially cann. 2, 834-836.
Bibliography: Various documents of the Holy See, General Instructions to the Roman Missal, Ceremoniale Episcoporum, etc. The Rites of the Catholic Church, New York, Pueblo Publishing House, 1976, 2 vols. Chupungco, A.J (ed), Handbook for Liturgical Studies, Collegeville, MN, The Liturgical Press, 5 vols, 1997-2000.Kavanagh, A., Elements of Rite: A Handbok of Liturgical Style, Bangalore, NBCLC, 1996. Seasoltz, R.K., New Liturgy, New Laws, Collegeville, MN, The Liturgical Press, 1980. Huels, J.M., More Disputed Questions in the Liturgy, Chicago, Liturgy Training Publications, 1996. Huels, J.M., One Table, Many Laws, Colegeville, MN, The Liturgical Press, 1988. Marini, F. (eds), Comparative Sacramental Discipline in the CCEO and CIC, Washington, CLSA, 2003. Smolarski, D.C., How Not to Say Mass: A Guidebook for All Concerned about Authentic Worship, New York, Paulist Press, 1986.
Trials in General: historical overview of the trial procedures; etymological and juridical definitions; subject and object of process; the competent forum; Different grades and kinds of tribunals: tribunal of the first instance, second instance, diocesan and regional tribunals, Tribunals of the Apostolic See; Tribunal personnel: their qualities, appointment, and functions. The Discipline to be Observed in Tribunals: order of hearing, time limits, place of trial, procedural capacity; Parties in the Case: plaintiff and respondent, procurators and advocates; Actions and Exceptions.
Bibliography: Aa. Vv., Il processo matrimoniale canonico, Studi giuridici 17, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1988. Pinto, P.V., I processuali Codice di diritto canonico, Rome, LEV & Urbaniana University Press, 1993. Doogan, H.F., Catholic Tribunals: Marriage, Annulment and Dissolution, Newtown, Australia, E.J. Dwyer, 1991. Ramos, F.J., I tribunali ecclesiastici, Rome, Pontificia Università S. Tommaso D’ Aquino, 2000. Wrenn, L.G., Procedures, Washington, DC, CLSA, 1987.
I. The Administrative Act: nature, typology, requisites, and defects; nature, meaning and types of recourse, administrative acts subject to recourse; mediation and conciliation – particular norms of Episcopal conference; preventive recourse and procedures.
II. The Hierarchical Recourse: the administrative organs – nature, hierarchy and their profile; the procedure for hierarchical recourse; time-limits; confirmation, revocation, or modification of the decree; further appeal.
III. The Contentious Administrative Recourse: The Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura with special reference to the competence and activity of the Sectio Altera; the Normae speciales of the Signatura, articles 96-126; the constitution Pastor bonus, articles 121-124; the damages resulting from illegitimate administrative acts.
IV. The removal and transfer of parish priests: the difference between removal and transfer; the causes, procedure, decree of the bishop, vacancy of parish, the recourse and consequences; jurisprudence of the Signatura.
Bibliography: Aa.Vv. La giustizia amministrativa nella Chiesa, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1991. Coughlin, J.J., “The Historical Development and Current Procedural Norms of Administrative Recourse to the Apostolic Signatura,” in Periodica, 90(2001), pp. 455-496; 661-690. D’Ostilio, F., Il diritto amministrativo della Chiesa, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1996. Grocholewski, Z., “Trasferimento e rimozione del parroco,” in La parrocchia, Studi giuridici 43, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1997, pp. 199-247. Matthews, K., “The Development and Future of the Administrative Tribunal,” in Studia canonica, 18(1984), pp. 1-233. Mendonça, A., “Justice and Equity in Decisions Involving Priests,” in Philippiniana sacra, 36(2001), pp. 5-40. Punderson, J.R., “Hierarchical Recourse to the Holy See: Theory and Practice,” in CLSA Proceedings, 62(2000), pp. 19-47. Schwanger, K.K., “Contentious- Administrative Recourse Before the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura,” in The Jurist, 58(1998), pp. 171-191.
AC 01 Sui iuris Churches in the Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium 2 Cr
Unity and diversity in the Catholic Church; Historical perspective on sui iuris churches; their juridic condition; ascription to a church sui iuris; patrimony of churches and their rites. Grades of sui iuris churches: patriarchal, archiepiscopal, metropolitan and other sui iuris churches. The ordering, authority, governance of the churches with special reference to the Patriarchal/Archiepiscopal Churches.
Bibliography: Chiramel, J. and K. Bharanikulangara (eds), The Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches: A Study and Interpretation, Alwaye, STAR, 1993. Faris, J.D., The Eastern Catholic Churches: Constitution and Governance, New York, Saint Maron Publications, 1992. Pospishil, V., Eastern Catholic Church Law, Kottayam, OIRSI, 1996. Roberson, R.G., The Eastern Christian Churches: A Brief Survey, Rome, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1990. Salachas, D., Istituzioni di diritto canonico delle Chiese cattoliche orientali, Bologna, EDB, 1993. Žuzek, I., Understanding the Eastern Code, Rome, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1997.
AC 02 Church, State and Ecumenism 2 Cr
I. (a) The notion and historical context of Public Ecclesiastical Law: definition, division; sources. (b) The constitution of the Church: an integral vision; conciliar models of the Church; the societas perfecta – present interpretation; the Church in the modern world.
II. (a) The relationship between Church and State: insights from Vatican; Concordats: definition, historical context, theories, advantages. (b) The relationship between canonical and international orders: historical aspects; juridic personality of the Holy See; International presence of Vatican diplomacy; Papal Legates; Holy See in international organizations; doctrinal principles and defence of fundamental human rights.
III. (a) The relationship between the Church and other Ecclesial communities: conciliar teaching on ecumenism; ecumenical relations in the Code and the Ecumenical Directory. (b) The relationship between canon law and civil law: freedom of religion in India; canon law and civil law interaction in India; canon law in civil courts.
Bibliography: D’Souza, Victor G., The Church, State and Ecumenism, Class notes for the Private Use of Students, Bangalore, St Peter’s Pontifical Institute, 2003. Dulles, A., Models of the Church, Dublin, Gill and Macmillan, 1988. Folgliasso, E., “Il ‘ius publicum ecclesiasticum’ e il concilio ecumenico Vaticano II,” in Salesianum, 30(1968), pp. 243-301; 462-522. Martino, R., “Expert in Humanity: The Church in the Modern World – The Holy See in the International Arena,” in Catholic International, 7(1996), pp. 12-20.Murray, J.C. The Problem of Religious Freedom, Westminster, Maryland, 1965. Spinelli, L., Il diritto pubblico ecclesiastico dopo il Concilio Vaticano II: Lezioni di diritto canonico, Milano, Giuffré, 1985. Scicluna, C.J., “A Note on Church-State Relations,” in Forum, 3/2(1992), pp. 65-91.
Sources of Indian Law; Law of Contracts; Indian Contract Act 1872: essentials of a valid contract; offer and acceptance; consideration; capacity to contract; no flaw in consent; lawful purpose and unlawful agreements.
Law of Trusts and Taxation of Religious and Charitable Institutions; Juridical persons; temporal goods of the Church; meaning of trust; meaning of religious and charitable purposes; pattern of investment of charitable institutions; contracts of indemnity and guarantee indemnity; bailment; principal and agent; Law of Wills.
Bibliography: Rao, S., Law of Contracts, Hyderabad, S. Goglia & Company, 1996. Sujan, M.A., Interpretation of Contract, 2nd edition, Delhi, Universal Law Publishing (ULP) Co., 2000. Kumar, H.L., What Everybody Should Know about Labour Laws, Delhi, ULP Co., 2000. Idem, Make Your Will Yourself with Model Drafts, Delhi, ULP Co., 1999. Bare Acts and Rules: Charitable and Religious Trusts Act 1920 along with Charitable Endowments Act 1890 and Religious Endowments Act 1863. Trusts Acts 1882. Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.
The course is designed to take into account the needs of students in the context of their ministry and to concentrate on those areas of canon law where the subjects or certain themes have not received adequate treatment. Due attention would be given to the latest legislative documents emanating from the Holy See and their interpretation and application. By way of example, following are some questions that would be treated in the course: delegation, reception of communion in the church, ascription and transfer to another sui iuris church, abortion, censure and absolution, common error and marriages, celiac disease and the reception of orders, admission of Eastern catholic to Latin religious institute, power of lay chancellors to dispense, refusal of funeral: civil and canonical implications; case studies and studies of replies from Holy See.
Bibliography: Abbas, J., “The Admission of Eastern Catholics to the Novitiate of Latin Religious Institutes,” in Studia canonica, 36(2002), pp. 293-318. Cogan, P.J.(ed.), CLSA Advisory Opinions 1984-1993, Washington, CLSA, 1995. Roman Replies and CLSA Advisory Opinions, Washington, CLSA 1984-2002. Pfnausch, E.G., Canon Law Digest, vol. 11, Washington, CLSA, 1991. Espelage, A. J. (ed.), CLSA Advisory Opinions 1994-2000, Washington, CLSA, 2002. Morrisey, F.G., Papal and Curial Pronouncements: Their Canonical Significance in the Light of the 1983 Code of Canon Law, Ottawa, Saint Paul University, 2001. Sabbaraese, L. and D. Salachas, Chierici latino e orientale: Prospettive interecclesiali, Roma, Urbaniana University Press, 2004
EC 01 Ethical Bio-Medical Canonical Issues 2 Cr
Transexualism and canonical order: Human Personality – sex and gender; determination of sex; notion of man and woman; sexual orientation; concept of transexualism; typology of transsexuals; differentiation with other sexual anomalies, such as hermaphroditism, homosexuality, and transevestism. The declaration of the Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith on certain questions concerning sexual ethics.
Transsexual and marriage: psychological and functional capacity for marriage; juridical implication in transsexual surgery before the marriage and after the marriage; sex change and right to marry; sex change surgery and impotence; some Rotal decisions. Transsexuals and Holy Orders – juridical consequences of sex change before the ordination and after the ordination; the irregularities for the reception of Holy Orders and their exercise; transsexuals and consecrated life.
Bibliography: Versaldi, G., “Psychology and Marriage Consent,” in Forum, 6/2(1995), p. 79-102. O’Rourke, K.D., “Concrete Issues Facing Canon Lawyers Today in the Light of Contemporary Developments in Biomedical Technology,” in Studia canonica, 25(1991), pp. 29-38. Mendonça, A., “Recent Rotal Jurisprudence on the Effects of Sexual Disorders on Matrimonial Consent,” in Studia canonica, 26(1992), pp. 209-233. Picardi, R., “Omosessualità e bisessualità: Devianze sessuali per erotismo invertito – Educazione cattolica – Interpretazioni mediche e giuridiche,” in Periodica, 91(2002), pp. 3-27. Navarrete, U., “Transexualismus et ordo canonicus,” in Periodica, 86(1997), pp. 101-124. Picardi, R., Matrimonio canonico: Aspetti medico-legali, Roma, Urbaniana University Press, 2003.
The civil status of ecclesiastical organizations and formation of non-profit charitable societies or trusts. Financial collaboration with funding agencies. Financial policies, procedures and systems. Planning and budgeting. Baking procedure and practices. Accounting and record keeping. Maintenance of bank accounts, financial records. Reporting and monitoring. Laws, rules and regulations: Foreign Contribution Regulation Act; Income Tax Act. Investment and planning. Audit. Prevention of fraud and misappropriation. Accommodation of canonical laws and civil laws in the ecclesiastical administration of finances.
Bibliography: Kandasamy, K., Management of Finances in Non Profit Organizations: A Manual, New Delhi, Caritas India, 1994. McKenna, E. et al (eds), Church Finance Handbook, Washington, DC, CLSA, 1999. Doheny, W.J., Practical Problems in Church Finance, Milwaukee, Bruce Publishing Company, 1946. Chatterjee, S., Principles and Practice of Management, New Delhi, Vikas Publishing House, 1983. Sharma, P.C. and K. Kandasamy, Law of Foreign Contribution and Foreign Hospitality, Madras, CNP-India, 1995.
Entrusting a parish to religious institute: procedures and agreements; Bishop’s responsibility over religious priests in diocese; number of members of a college of consultors; relationship between parish priest and assistant parish priest: pastoral and canonical issues; title of the church; consultation for the appointment of parish priests; parish pastoral council and its dissolution; personal and territorial parishes: common problems and solutions; archives and sacramental registers; dimissorial letters in sede vacante.
I. PRINCIPAL COURSES
PC 01 Temporal Goods of the Church (Cann. 1254-1310) 2Cr
I. General Introduction and Observations on Book V of CIC: (a) the temporal goods from a historico-canonical perspective; the temporal goods in the sacred scripture; (b) the temporal goods in the teaching of the church; the temporal goods and Vatican II; (c) the principle of subsidiarity and the canonization of civil laws; (c) general principles concerning the administration of temporal goods.
II. Introductory Canons and Fundamental Questions: (a) the purpose of temporal goods; (b) right to goods; (c) ownership and autonomy; (d) communion and communication with respect to ecclesiastical goods; (e) authority of Roman Pontiff; (f) ecclesial dimension.
III. Acquisition, Administration and Alienation: (a) meaning of the concepts; (b) analysis and commentary on the canons; (c) consultation/ consent and accountability; (d) particular laws of the Episcopal Conference
IV. Pious Causes and Pious Foundations: concept of pious will, pious cause, pious foundation; reduction and transfer of mass obligations; reduction, moderation and commutation of pious wills.
Bibliography: De Paolis, V., I beni temporali della Chiesa, Bologna, EDB, 1995. Maida, A.J. and N.P. Cafardi, Church Property, Church Finances, and Church Related Corporations: A Canon Law Handbook, St. Louis, MO, The Catholic Health Association of the United States, 1984. McKenna, K. et al (eds), Church Finance Handbook, Washington, DC, CLSA, 1999. Morrisey, F., “The Alienation of Temporal Goods in Contemporary Practice,” in Studia canonica, 29(1995), pp. 293-316. Idem, “Acquiring Temporal Gods for the Church’s Mission,” in The Jurist, 56(1996), p. 557-585. Nedungatt, G., Laity and Church Temporalities: Appraisal of a Tradition, Bangalore, Dharmaram Publications, 2000. Périsset, J., Les biens temporels de l’Église: Commentaire des canons 1254-1310, Paris, Éditions Tardy, 1995.
General Introduction to Sanctions; right and power of the Church; general observations on sanctions in the Code. Offences and Punishments in General: notion of offences (delicts) and penalty, penal law and precept; censures and expiatory penalties; the latae sententiae and ferenae sententiae penalties; penal remedies and penances, Subjects of penal sanctions: imputability, incapacity for delicts; circumstances accompanying delicts; application and cessation of penalties.
Penalties for Particular Offences: offences against religion and unity of the Church; offences against Church authorities and Church freedom; usurpation of ecclesiastical offices and the offences committed in their exercise; the offences of falsehood; offences against special obligations and offences against human life and liberty. Penal Process: the preliminary investigation, the course of the process and action for damages.
Bibliography: Calabrese, A., Diritto penale canonico, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1996. De Paolis, V. and D. Cito, Le sanzioni nella Chiesa, Rome, Urbaniana University Press, 2002. De Paolis, V., “Le sanzioni nella Chiesa,” in Il diritto nel mistero della Chiesa, vol. 3, pp. 433-540. Green, T.J., “Penal Law: A Review of Selected Themes,” in The Jurist, 50(1990), pp. 221-256. McDonough, E., “A Novus Habitus Mentis for Sanctions in the Church,” in The Jurist, 48(1988), pp. 727-746. Idem, “A Gloss on anon 1321,” in Studia canonica, 21(1987), pp. 381-390. Woestman, W.H., Ecclesiastical Sanctions and the Penal Process, Bangalore, TPI, 2000.
Introductory canons: The ecclesiastical magisterium; solemn magisterium; ordinary and universal magisterium; infallibility; theologians and magisterium; response to the teaching of the magisterium; notions of heresy, apostasy and schism; the teaching authority of the Episcopal conferences; directives for ecumenical activity.
Ministry of the Divine Word: preaching, homily and catechesis; missionary activity of the Church; catholic education: schools, catholic universities and ecclesiastical faculties; the apostolic constitutions: Ex corde ecclesiae and Sapientia christiana; declaration of Vatican II on Christian education; Instruments of Social Communications especially books: censors, approval for publications; Profession of faith and oath of fidelity.
Bibliography: De Paolis, V., Il Codice del Vaticano II: Collegialità e Primato, Bologna, EDB, 1993. Ghirlanda, G., Il diritto nella Chiesa: mistero di communione, Rome, PUG & San Paolo, 1993, pp. 400-431. Green, T.J., “The Teaching Function of the Church: A Comparison of Selected Canons in the Latin and Eastern Codes,” in The Jurist, 55(1995), pp. 93-140. Huels, J.M., “The 1993 Ecumenical Directory: Theological Values and Juridical Norms,” in The Jurist, 56(1996), pp. 391-426. Örsy, L. The Church Learning and Teaching: Magisterium, Assent, Dissent, Academic Freedom, Wilmington, Glazier, 1987. Sullivan, F.A., Magisterium: Teaching Authority in the Catholic Church, Mahwah, Paulist Press, 1983. Various articles in Studia canonica, 23(1989), pp. 243-499, and in The Jurist, 48(1988).
The Ordinary Contentious Trial: Introduction of the Case; the Joinder of Issue; the Trial of Issue; Proofs: declarations, documentary proof; witnesses and their testimony; Role of Experts; Judicial Access and Inspection; Incidental Matters; Publication of the Acts and Conclusion of the Case and Pleadings; Pronouncement of the Judge; Challenging the Judgement; Execution of Judgement.
Matrimonial Process: competent forum; those who can challenge the validity of marriage; office of judges, proofs, moral certainty, judgement; appeal; documentary process. Process in the case of the presumed death of the spouse. This course deals with analysis and commentary on each canon.
Bibliography: Aa. Vv., Il processo matrimoniale canonico, Studi giuridici 17, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1988. Pinto, P.V., I processuali Codice di diritto canonico, Rome, LEV & Urbaniana University Press, 1993. Doogan, H.F., Catholic Tribunals: Marriage, Annulment and Dissolution, Newtown, Australia, E.J. Dwyer, 1991. Mendonça, A., “The Structural and Functional Aspects of an Appeal Tribunal in Marriage Nullity Cases,” in Studia canonica, 32(1998), pp. 441-500. Ramos, F.J., I tribunali ecclesiastici, Rome, Pontificia Università S. Tommaso D’ Aquino, 2000.
I. Theological and Juridical Principles: the notion of marriage according to Catholic doctrine and the Code; the concept of ratified and non-consummated marriage; history of the dissolution of non consummated marriage; nature of pontifical dispensation – presuppositions and effects.
II. The Process: the object, the norms, nature and the competent forum/authority to accept and initiate the procedure. The circular letter of December 20, 1986 of the Congregation for the Sacraments, De processu super matrimonio rato et non consummato.
III. The Instruction of the Case at the diocesan level: The instructing judge; defender of bond, notary; parties and their witnesses; juridic proof of non consummation; examination of parties and witnesses, conclusion of the process at the diocesan level: moral certainty, just cause and votum of the bishop; transmission of the entire file to the Congregation for the Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. Procedure at the Congregation: preliminary examination, manner of arriving at a decision; the pontifical rescript.
Bibliography: Aa Vv. I procedimenti speciali nel diritto canonico, Studi giuridici 26, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1992, pp. 107-156. Bauhoff, R.C. and A. Mendonça, “Psychic Impotence Part I-II,” in Studia canonica, 24(1990), pp. 205-240; 293-333. Kowal, J., “L’indissolubilità del matrimonio rato e consummato: Status questionis,” in Periodica, 90(2001), pp. 273-304. Woestman, W.H., Special Marriage Cases, Bangalore, TPI, 1995. Documents of the Holy See on this subject.
The course takes into account primarily the Rotal jurisprudence, study and analysis of recent sentences under a particular caput of nullity. In the context of the experience in Indian tribunals, the marriage nullity cases frequently fall under the following grounds and these require a thorough knowledge of both of substantive and procedural jurisprudence. During the courses on jurisprudence, besides the study of Rotal sentences, the students are given practical assignments with actual case studies and they are required to write a defense brief and a judicial sentence on each of the grounds.
Canon 1095, 1°-2°: the developments during the revision of the Code; the doctrinal development of the concepts: “lack of reason” and “lack of due discretion of judgement.” The dynamics of human consent and human act; the factors affecting the psychic functions; problems of psychic disorders; types and stages of psychosis; jurisprudence and the study of various Rotal decisions.
Canon 1095, 3°: “inability to assume” – meaning of inability; development of the drafts during the revision process; essential rights and obligations of marriage; study of some psychic disorders; papal allocutions relating to the canon; development of jurisprudence.
Bibliography: Sable, R.M. (ed.), Incapacity for Marriage: Jurisprudence and Interpretation, Rome, Pontificia Università Gregoriana, 1987. Stankiewicz, A., “Il contributo della giurisprudenza rotale al ‘defectus usus rationis et discretionis iudicii’: Gli ultimi sviluppi e le prospettive,” in Monitor ecclesiasticus, 125(2000), pp. 332-364. Various Rotal decisions for study and analysis. Woestman, W.H.(ed.), Papal Allocutions to the Roman Rota 1939-2002, Bangalore, TPI, 1995.
The course deals with cann. 1097 and 1098. Error: notion, nature of error; types and attributes of error; development of the concepts; error of person: meaning of person in the canon; error of quality: the phrase: “directly and principally intended”: importance of quality, specific nature of quality, elements of proofs in reference to quality; error regarding unity, indissolubility, sacramentality and essential elements. Papal allocution to the Roman Rota; jurisprudence and study of Rotal decisions.
Deceit (dolus): meaning in penal law, contractual law and marriage law; the factors of dolus in reference to invalidating effect; the debate concerning whether dolus is of natural law or merely ecclesiastical law; effect of dolus on the perpetrator and the victim in their consent for marriage; elements of proofs; study of Rotal Jurisprudence and assignment on drafting an in iure section on dolus.
Bibliography: Boccafola, K., “Deceit and Induced Error about a Personal Quality,” in Studies in Church Law, 1 (2005), pp. 245-268. Burke, C., “The Effect of Fraud, Condition, and Error in Matrimonial Consent: Some Personalist Considerations,” in Monitor ecclesiasticus, 122(1997), pp. 295-310; 513-519. Campbell, D.M., “Canon 1099: The Emergence of a New Juridic Figure?” in Quaderni Studio Rotale, 5(1990), pp. 35-72. Caridi, S.C., “The error personae vel qualitatis personae in Rotal Jurisprudence (1983-1990),” in Forum, 3/1(1992), pp. 67-96. Colagiovanni, E., “New (Hot) Grounds of Nullity in Marriage Cases,” in Monitor ecclesiasticus, 122(1997), pp. 521-552. Johnson, J.G., “Fraud and Deceit in the Roman Rota,” in The Jurist, 56(1996), pp. 557-585. Mendonça, A., “Recent Developments in Rotal Jurisprudence on Error of Fact,” in Philippiniana sacra, 36(2001), pp. 413-470. Idem, “Error of Fact: Doctrine and Jurisprudence on Canon 1097,” in Studia canonica, 34(2000), pp. 23-74. Vann, K., “Dolus: Canon 1098 of the Revised Code of Canon Law,” in The Jurist, 47(1987), pp. 371-393. Various Rotal decisions for study and analysis.
Victor George D’SouzaC. Simulation 1 Cr
Notion of Simulation; analysis of can. 1101; kinds of simulation: total and partial; the distinction between total and partial simulation; exclusion of marriage itself; exclusion of essential elements and essential properties. Exclusion of sacramentality: partial or total simulation? Canonical principles on simulation; the jurisprudence; evidence and moral certainty; guidelines for tribunal practice; definitive sentence.
Bibliography: Aa.Vv., La simulazione del consenso matrimoniale, Studi giuridici 22, Città del Vaticano, LEV, 1990. Brown, R., “From Total Simulation to Error Determining the Will,” in Studia canonica, 35(2001), pp. 151-174. Robitaille, L., “Simulation, Error Determining the Will, or Lack of Due Discretion? A Case Study,” in Studia canonica, 29(1995), pp. 397-432. Woestman, W.H. (ed.), Simulation of Marriage Consent, Bangalore, TPI, 2000. Various Rotal decisions for study and analysis.
General norms about juridic acts (cann. 124-125); requisites for a juridic act; study of can. 1103: essential elements in the canon; notion of reverential fear; other grades of fear, force, compulsion, etc. How force and fear affect marital consent; conditions for the invalidating force and fear; evidence; jurisprudence; moral certainty and the definitive sentence. Force and fear in relationship or in contrast with other grounds of nullity.
Bibliography: Calvo, R., “Impact of Culture in Marriage Cases,” in CLSA Proceedings, 55(1993), pp. 108-120. Mendonça, A., “Recent Rotal Jurisprudence from a Socio-Cultural Perspective,” in Studia canonica, 29(1995), pp. 29-83; 317-355. Wrenn, L. G., “Urban Navarrete, S.J., and the Response of the Code Commission on Force and Fear,” in The Jurist, 51(1991), pp. 119-137. Idem, Annulments, Washington, DC, CLSA, 1998. Study and analysis of recent Rotal sentences on force and fear.
AC 01 Missionary Canon Law 1 Cr
The missionary nature of the Church; concept of mission, missionary, evangelization, apostolate, ministry; means of evangelization, formation of missionaries, concept of mission territory and characteristics of missionary law.
The major periods in the history of the mission; the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples; constitution of missions; ecclesiastical circumscriptions equivalent to a diocese and their prelates; mission sui iuris and ecclesiastical superiors; deputation of mission prelates; the powers of the mission prelates; on quasi-episcopal curia; rights et obligations of prelates; Episcopal conferences and missions; missionary cooperation in the church.
Bibliography: Costa, C. J., A Missiological Conflict between Padroado and Propoganda in the East, Goa, 1997. Lee Ting Pong, I., Ius missionarium, Roma, 1976. Idem, “L’azione missionaria della Chiesa nel nuovo Codice di diritto canonico,” La nuova legislazione canonica, Rome, PUU, 1983, pp. 393-399. Idem, “Il diritto misionario nel nuovo Codice di diritto canonico,” in Ibid., pp. 405-421. Mondin, B. Dizionario storico e teologico delle missioni, Rome, PUU, 2001. Various articles by V. De Paolis, D. Salachas, L. Sabbarese, et al., on “Il diritto della Chiesa al servizio dell’attività missionaria,” in Euntes docete, 54/3(2001), pp. 3-229.
History of the Development of the CCEO: oriental character, pastoral character and ecumenical character of the Code; Necessity for a comparative study of CCEO and CIC; inter-ecclesial matters relating to sacraments, clerics and institutes of consecrated life. The penal process and the specific differences in the CCEO.
Marriage Law in CCEO and Matrimonial Process: consent, impediments, form of marriage; mixed marriages, minister of the sacrament; place of celebrations; Procedure for the declaration of nullity and the grades of tribunal within the Patriarchal and the Archiepiscopal sui iuris churches. Particular laws of the Syro- Malabar Church in India.
Bibliography: Abbas, J., Two Codes in Comparison, Roma, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 1997. Faris, J.D., Eastern Catholic Churches, New York, St Maron Publications, 1992. Nedungatt, G., The Spirit of the Eastern Code, Rome, Centre for Indian and Inter-religious Studies, 1993. Prader, J. Il matrimonio in Oriente e Occidente, Kanonika I, Rome, Edizioni Orientalia Christiana, 1992. Pospishil, V., Eastern Catholic Marriage Law, New York, Saint Maron Publications, 1991. Salachas, D., Il sacramento del matrimonio nel nuovo diritto canonico delle Chiese orientali, Bologna, EDB, 1994. Marini, F.J., Comparative Sacramental Discipline in the CCEO and C IC, Washington, DC, Canon Law Society of America, 2003.
Marriage Laws in India: Indian Christian Marriage Act 1872 – Personal laws of Christians; ministers of marriage, time and registration of marriage; impediments common to both the Church and the State; legal status of husband and wife.
Indian Divorce Act 1869 as amended in 2001: Jurisdiction, dissolution of marriage; contents of petition, nullity of marriage; judicial separation; protection orders; restitution of conjugal rights; custody of children. The Special Marriage Act 1954: the restitution of conjugal rights and judicial separation; nullity of marriage and divorce; grounds; jurisdiction and procedure.
The Family Court Act 1984: establishment of Family Courts; appointment of judges; association of social welfare agencies; jurisdiction; duties of family court in reconciliation procedure. Towards a new civil law on marriage, divorce, guardianship and succession for Christians in India.
Bibliography: Bakshi, P.M., The Constitution of India, 4th edition, Delhi, Universal Law Publishing Co., 2001. Champapilly, S. The Christian Law, Cochin, Continental Publishing Co. Ltd., 1988. Idem, Christian Law of Succession in India, Cochin, Southern Law Publishers, 1997. Devadason, E.D., Christian Law in India, Madras, DSI Publications, 1974. Mathew, P.D. Legal Education Series (Booklets 1-58), New Delhi, Indian Social Institute, 1982-2000. Pinto, W.E., Law of Marriage and Matrimonial Reliefs for Christians in India, Bangalore, TPI, 2000.
Introduction: The cult of saints in history; concepts: servant of God, venerable, blessed, and saint; competence of the Congregation for Causes of Saints.
I. Diocesan Phase: Preliminaries concerning the petitioner of a cause, appointment of diocesan postulator, the supplex libellus and relevant reports; establishing the cause – consultation with the local bishops, the faithful; examination of the writings of the Servant of God and consultation with the Holy See; formal diocesan inquiry on virtues/martyrdom – bishop/delegate, promotor of justice, notary, examination of witnesses; diocesan inquiry on miracle.
II. At the Holy See: Examination of evidence on virtues/martyrdom: approval of Roman Postulator by the Congregation for Causes of the Saints; examination and study of the documents presented by the diocesan bishop by theologians and other competent persons; Final approval: cardinals and bishop study the documentation, presentation of the report to the Holy Father; approval of miracle; beatification and canonization.
Bibliography: Molinari, P., Saints: Their Place in the Church, New York, Sheed and Ward, 1965. McBrian, R.P., “The Saints: An Ecclesiological Reflection,” in Theology Digest, 48(2001), pp. 303-317. Nedungatt, G., “Venerable, Blessed, and Saint: Terminology,” in Tanima, 7(1999), pp. 3-17. Sarno, R.J., Diocesan Inquiries Required by the Legislator in the New Legislation for the Causes of Saints, Rome, Tipografia Guerra, 1988. Veraja, F., Commento alla nuova legislazone per le cause dei santi, Rome, Congregazione per le Cause dei Santi, 1983. Zubek, T.J., “New Legislation about the Canonization of the Servants of God,” in The Jurist, 43(1983), pp. 361-375.
EC 01 Practice of Matrimonial Nullity Procedures 2 Cr
I. Introduction: (a) notion and elements of a libellus, (b) admission and rejection of libellus (c) necessity of citation-summons, absent respondent; respondent whose whereabouts are not known, (d) litis contestatio and fixture of grounds, (e) instructory phase and publication of acts (f) discussionary phase (g) decisional phase – definitive sentence – form and elements, (h) means of challenging the sentence; procedure according to can. 1682 (i) execution of the sentence: conditions, double conformity (h) new examination of the case after double conformity of the sentence.
II. Practical Assignments: writing a libellus; drafting some procedural decrees; observations of the defender of bond; drafting a definitive sentence with all the elements and the form; advocate’s brief.
III. Tribunal Experience: students are initiated into the working of the tribunal by enabling them to spend at least a week during their summer break in select local tribunal, where they will be guided by competent judicial vicars.
Bibliography: Doogan, H.F., Catholic Tribunals: Marriage, Annulment and Dissolution, Newtown, Australia, E.J. Dwyer, 1991. Grocholewski, Z., “I tribunali delle Chiese particolari con speciale referimento ai territori di missione,” in Commentarium pro religiosis, 77(1996), pp. 295-315. Idem, “Moral Certainty as the Interpretative Key for Procedural Norms,” in Forum, 8/1(1997), pp. 45-80. Easton, F.C. (ed.), The Art of the Good and Equitable: A Festschrift in Honor of Lawrence Wrenn, Washington, CLSA, 2002. Ramos, F.J., I tribunali ecclesiastici, Rome, Pontificia Università S. Tommaso D’ Aquino, 2000. Taylor, G., Catholic Marriage Tribunal Procedure: An Introduction, Bangalore, TPI, 1981. Wrenn, L., Judging Invalidity, Washington, CLSA, 2003. Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts, Instruction Dignitas connubii, Bangalore, St. Peter’s Pontifical Institute, 2005.
The students are introduced to various aspects of particular legislations. During this course a detailed study of the complementary legislation of the Episcopal Conference of India as well as some other conferences would be done by way of comparison. The course will have group discussion on the particular norms of the dioceses of individual students and discussion. The course will also lead them on the basic knowledge of drafting statutes and norms at the diocesan or religious institute level.
1. Privacy and Confidentiality in the Church Legislation.
2. Conversion to Religion and Indian Civil Law
3. Preparation for Marriage: Canonical and Pastoral Considerations
4. Inter-Ecclesial Legislation on Sacraments
5. Diocesan Financial Administration.
6. Loss of Clerical State and Dispensation from Clerical Celibacy
7. Methodology of Teaching Canon Law in Seminaries
8. Pastoral Care of Oriental Catholics under the Latin Ordinary.
9. Personality Disorders and Marriage
10. Workshop on Canonical Drafting
Basic Bibliography Common to Principal Courses
Beal, J.P., J.A. Coriden, T.J. Green, New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, Mahwah, Paulist Press, 2000. Caparros E. and H. Aube (eds), Code of Canon Law Annotated, 2nd ed. rev. and updated of the 6th Spanish language edition, Montreal, wilson & Lafleur Limitee, 2004. Chiappetta, L., Il codice di diritto canonico: Commento giuridico-pastorale, Napoli, Edizioni Dehoniane, 1996, 3 vols. Coriden, J., T.J. Green, D.E. Heintschel, The Code of Canon Law: A Text and Commentary, Bangalore, TPI, 1996. Nedumgatt, G. (ed), A Guide to the Eastern Code, Kanonika 10, Rome, Pontificio Istituto Orientale, 2002. Pinto, P.V. (dir.), Commento al codice di diritto canonico, Rome, Urbaniana University Press, 2001. Redazione di Quaderni di Diritto Ecclesiale (a cura di), Codice di diritto canonico commentato, Milano, Ancora, 2001. Sheehy, G. et al (eds), The Canon Law: Letter & Spirit, London, Geoffrey Chapman, 1995. Marzoa, A.et al. (eds), Exegetical Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, 5 vols, Montreal, Wilson & Lafleur, 2004.
N.B. The sources presented here are commentaries on the Code of Canon Law and therefore form common bibliographical material to all the principal courses. However, in order to avoid repetition, they have not been included again under the bibliography given for each course. In addition to this list, each professor provides extensive bibliography on the course.