ST 01 Research Methodology 1 Cr
The course on Research Methodology includes an emphasis on the need for specialization in writing scientific dissertation, seminar paper, articles and book reviews through a proper note-taking, analysis and synthesis of opinions and final presentation with accurate notes and bibliography. The course equips the student with some of the fine techniques in reading a book for writing a scientific paper through updated and internationally accepted methodology.
Bibliography: Raffelt, Albert: Theologie Studieren: Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten und Medienkunde.Freiburg: Herder, 2003. Sandanam, John Peter: Methodology for Research. Bangalore: St. Peter’s Pontifical Institute, 2006. Bell, Judith: How to Complete Your Research Project Successfully: A Guide For First Time Researchers. New Delhi: USB Publishers, 1995. Day, R.A.: How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. Phoenix: Oryx Press, 1998. Mason, Jenniffer: Qualitative Researching. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1996, 2004.
Virginia Rajakumari sab
ST 02 Basic Concepts in Spirituality 1 Cr
This is an introductory course that helps the students to get familiarized with all the basic and fundamental concepts in Spiritual Theology. It is divided into three parts. In the first part the main focus is on the definition of key terminologies in Spiritual Theology with their origin and derived meanings. In the second part the development of the branch of Spiritual Theology is discussed in relation with the other branches of Theology. Special attention is paid to the study spirituality as a science of the Spirit and, at the same time, a sincere effort is made to understand it from the phenomenological point of view. Spirituality is distinguished from “spiritualities” and it is studied in relation to the different stages of human life. In the final part of this course, an introduction is given to different schools of spirituality, both from the Christian and non-Christian perspective.
Bibliography: Gustavo Gutierrez, We Drink From Our Own Wells, Maryknoll: Orbis, 1983 Donald Cozzens, Ed., The Spirituality Of The Diocesan Priest, Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, 1997. Felix Podimattam, Spirituality And Spiritualities, Delhi: Media House, 2001. Kees Waaijman, Spirituality: Forms, Foundations, Methods, Leuven-Paris-Dudley Ma: Peeters, 2002. J. Wolski Conn, Spirituality And Personal Maturity, New York: Paulist Press, 1989.
Philip Valakodiyil, msfs
ST 03 Mission in the Synoptics (cf. Biblical, Code No.
ET 08, pg. 151) 1 Cr.
L. Legrand, mep
ST 04 Special Questions in Spirituality & Morality 1 Cr
The course aims at understanding the concept of Spirituality and Morality from an integrative point of view, specifying their mutuality and corresponding challenges they cause in different contexts and situations. Certain pertinent questions like, “is the understanding of the concept of Morality and Spirituality universal?”, “are they dependent on each other or independent”? would be raised during the course and an analytical and evaluative study and discussion would be done.
Udaya kumar S.
ST 05 Spirituality of the Proclamation of the Word of God 1 Cr
This course is basically an inquiry into the spirituality of St. Alphonsus Maria de Ligouri. During his life-time (1696-1772), the Church was confronted with Jansenism and Rationalism. The existing religious Congregations were being suppressed in Naples. In this context, Alphonsus not only preached the Word of God effectively and successfully, but also managed to found a Congregation explicitly for the same purpose. What was the secret of his success?
The Study focuses on 3 areas:
Spirituality of the Man: The Preacher
Spirituality in the Message
Spirituality of the Method
The emphasis is on the practical dimension, how these elements of spirituality can be adopted and adapted in our contemporary situations to make our proclamation of the Word of God more effective and attractive.
Bibliography: Ligouri, Alphonsus Maria de, Dignity and Duties of the Priest or Selva- A Collection of Material for Ecclesiastical Retreats, ed. By Eugene Grimm, Brooklyn, Redemptorist Fathers, 1890 ——, Sermons for all the Sundays of the Year, ed. By Eugene Grimm, Brooklyn, Redemptorist Fathers, 1852 Waznak, Robert P., An Introduction to the Homily, Minnesota, The Liturgical Press, 1998 Untener, Ken, Preaching Better – Practical Suggestions for Homilists, Mumbai, St. Pauls, 2000. Cornier, Jay, Giving Good Homilies, Notre Dame, Ave Maria Press, 1984
George Puthenpura, cssr
ST 06 History of Spirituality – I (Ancient) 2 Cr
This course is a continuation of the History of Spirituality – I (Ancient). The spirituality of the Middle Ages saw bright as well as cloudy moments and movements, mystical and ascetical resurgences and downfalls. This course, in its nature, is not an exhaustive one, but it offers some unusual insights into the medieval spirituality and tries to stimulate and motivate the student to further study and reflection. It systematically presents the major events and developments of medieval spirituality and theology. The various persons and topics mainly dealt with are, St. Gregory, the Carolingian Renewal, St. Bernard, Franciscans and Mendicant Orders, Readings from St. Bonaventure and St. Thomas Aquinas, Reformation Theology studied n the context of St. Teresa of Avila and St. Francis de Sales and an Introduction to Counter-Reformation.
Bibliography :Van Kaam, Adrian: The Transcendent Self: Formative Spirituality. New Jersey, 1979 Wilkie, A.U.: By Way of the Heart: Toward a Holistic Spirituality. Bombay: St. Paul’s 1993 Aumann, Jordan: Christian Spirituality in the Catholic Tradition. London: Sheed & Ward, 1985. Kolencherry, Antony (ed.): Spiritual Perspectives of The Medieval Church. IIS Scholar’s Forum, No. 6, 1998-1999. Bangalore: IIS Publication, 1999.
Jose Kumblolickal, msfs
ST 07 History of Spirituality – II (Medieval) 2 Crs
This course is a continuation of the History of Spirituality – I (Ancient). The spirituality of the Middle Ages saw bright as well as cloudy moments and movements, mystical and ascetical resurgences and downfalls. This course, in its nature, is not an exhaustive one, but it offers some unusual insights into the medieval spirituality and tries to stimulate and motivate the student to further study and reflection. It systematically presents the major events and developments of medieval spirituality and theology. The various persons and topics mainly dealt with are, St. Gregory, the Carolingian Renewal, St. Bernard, Franciscans and Mendicant Orders, Readings from St. Bonaventure and St. Thomas Aquinas, Reformation Theology studied in the context of St. Teresa of Avila and St. Francis de Sales and an Introduction to Counter-Reformation.
Recommended Bibliography Van Kaam, Adrian: The Transcendent Self: Formative Spirituality. New Jersey, 1979; Wilkie, A.U. By Way of the Heart: Toward a Holistic Spirituality. Bombay: St. Paul’s 1993; Aumann, Jordan: Christian Spirituality in the Catholic Tradition. London: Sheed & Ward, 1985; Kolencherry, Antony (ed.): Spiritual Perspectives of The Medieval Church. IIS Scholar’s Forum, No. 6, 1998-1999. Bangalore: IIS Publication, 1999.
Benny G. Koottanal, msfs
ST 08 History of Spirituality – III (Modern) 2 Cr
History of spirituality in the modern era is vast and complex because of the rise of different “schools of spirituality” characterized by nationalistic tendencies. In this overview of the main trends in spirituality during the modern period, we shall analyse the emergence of the “devotio moderna”, the different schools of spirituality such as, Italian Schools of Spirituality, Spanish Schools of Spirituality and French Schools of Spirituality. Other spiritual movements of this period like Marian Devotion and the Spirituality of the Reformation also will be touched upon. Special focus will be given also to the study of the new forms of prayer like “Methodical Mental Prayer” and some of the extreme spiritual tendencies of this period, such as “Quietism”, and “Illuminism”.
Bibliography: Louis Bouyer, A History of Christian Spirituality, 3 Vols., London: Burns & Oates, 1968. Pierre Pourrat, Christian Spirituality 3 Vols., Westminster: The Newman Press,1953. Jill Raitt, Bernard McGinn, John Meyendorff (Ed.), Christian Spirituality –High Middle Ages and Reformation, Vol. 2, London: SCM Press, 1989. Louis Dupre, Don E. Saliers, John Meyendorff (Ed.), Christian Spiritualit – Post-Reformation and Modern, Vol. 3, London: SCM Press, 1990. Albert Hyma, The Christian Renaissance: A History of the Devotio Moderna, 2nd.ed., New York: Archon Books, 1965. Jean Leclerco, The Love of Learning and the Desire for God: A Study in Monastic Culture, New York: Fordham University Press, 1961.
Philip Valakodiyil, msfs
ST 09 History of Spirituality – IV (Contemporary) 2 Cr
Spirituality is in vogue today. There is a plethora of literature on spirituality dealing with various kinds of spiritualities. This course focuses on the notion of the spiritual in relation to the cultural and religious plurality of contemporary society. It also makes a survey of the spiritual writings of some of the influential writers and thinkers of the twentieth century.
Bibliography: Garvey John (ed.), Modern Spirituality, London: DLT, 1986. Abhishiktananda, Hindu-Christian Meeting Point: Within the Cave of the Heart, Delhi: ISPCK, 1969. Rahner, Karl, The Practice of Faith: A Handbook of Contemporary Spirituality, New York: 1992. King, Ursula, Spirit of One Earth: Reflections on Teilhard de Chardin and Global Spirituality, New York: Paragon House, 1989. Teilhard de Chardin, Pierre, Le Milieu Divin, London: Collins, 1960. Podimattam, Felix, Spirituality and Spiritualities, Delhi: Media House, 2001.
Henry Jose Kodikuthiyil, msfs
ST 10 Special Questions in the Theology of Trinity 2 Cr
This course offers a systematic reflection on the self-revelation of God as Trinity and the Christian experience of this mystery. An attempt is made to examine the systematic theological reflections on the mystery of the Trinity and the issues emerging from them during the course of the development of the doctrine. Further, this course seeks to spell out the relevance of our belief in and understanding of the Trinitarian mystery for our further theological reflection, our personal and communitarian life, the Christian world-view, socio-political commitment and inter-religious dialogue.
Jacob Parappally, msfs
ST 11 Psycho-Spiritual Integration 2 Cr
In the modern society, where progress and development alone seem to be the top priorities, one’s own matured development as a person and integrative progress from conception to old age tend to be lagging behind. But the time has come to realize the fact that to understand oneself and to undertake various self-developmental tasks proper to one’s integral growth cannot be anymore forgotten. This course would emphasize the fact that the integration of a person’s psychological and spiritual dimensions of life is as important as daily food and physical nourishment.
George Manalel, V.C.
ST 12 Johannine Spirituality 2 Cr
The course would begin with an explanation of the background of the fourth Gospel. It would be followed by formation of Christology and Ecclesiology: ad intra, ad extra and ad inter dimensions of Ecclesiology with special reference to chapter 21. Thereafter the structure of the fourth Gospel will be explained: its rhetorical approach, two prologues, two epilogues, with two bridge passages will be taken into consideration. It will be followed by a study of the exegesis of the two prologues (1: 1-18; 1: 19-51) and their relation to the entire Gospel. The course also takes into consideration the Johannine spirituality of re-birth, Eucharist and the Paraclete and makes a study on the person of the mother of Jesus in the Fourth Gospel. The course will be concluded with a study of the johannine high Christology and the beginning of Trinity, pluralistic ecology, dynamic missiology, experiential sacramentology and existing pneumatology.
Bibliography: Anderson, P.N.: The Christology of the Fourth Gospel. WUNT 2.78, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1996. Barrett, C.K.: The Gospel According to John. 2nd ed., Phl., 1978. Brown, R.E.: The Community of the Beloved Disciple. New York, 1979. Bruce, F.F.: The Gospel of John. GR, 1983. Bultmann, R.: The Gospel of John. Phl., 1971. Cassidy, R.J.: John’s Gospel in New Perspective. Maryknoll: Orbis, 19992. Jonge, M. de: Jesus, stranger from heaven. SBLSBS 11, Missoula, 1977. Jose Maniparambil: Why are you Speaking with a Woman? Aloor: Biblia, 2004.
ST 13 The Spirituality of the Bhagavad Gita 1 Cr
The Bhagavad Gita, the Lord’s Song, is one of the most popular and influential religious texts of India. This course deals with the historical and socio-religious contexts of the Gita and examines their meaning and relevance for our times. The Gita has a message for the contemporary human in his/her struggle to attain liberation from all forms of bondage. The course analyses the God-Human-World vision of the Gita and highlights its ethical, religious and spiritual teachings. The way (marga) of salvation/liberation is presented as a synthesis (yoga) of knowledge (jnana), action (karma) and devotion (bhakti). The spirituality of selfless action (niskama-karma) is also emphasized.
Bibliography : Aurobindo, Sri, Essays on the Gita, Pondicherry: Aurobindo Ashram, 1966. Chidbhavananda Swami, The Bhagavad Gita, Tirupparaitturai: Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam, 1969. Edgerton F., The Bhagavad Gita, Harward: Harward University Press, 1964. Radhakrishnan S., The Bhagavad Gita, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1948. Zaehner, R.C., The Bhagavad Gita, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1969.
ST 14 Patristic Spirituality 2 Cr
This course on the Patristic Spirituality would focus its attention on the spirituality lived by the Fathers of the Church taking into consideration the context, history and the spirituality of their time. Although the study focuses on certain general aspects of the patristic spirituality, some of the sterling dimensions of the spirituality of the Fathers of the Church would be highlighted and evaluated. The course also would emphasize the daunting need to re-vitalize the spirit of the Fathers in our times in order to have the genuine God-experience in the modern globalized society.
ST 15 New Religious Movements 1 Cr
This course on New Religious Movements would include three Catholic Christian Movements prevalent in India, some non-Catholic Christian Movements in India and some Hindu and Muslim Religious Movements. Each of these movements would be studied methodologically in the following manner: *Introduction: Brief contemporary Religious Background. *Reason and Origin of these movements. *The method of propagation used by these movements. *Certain commonalities in the practices of these movements. *Evaluation of these movements in the light of Christian and Catholic Faith and practices. *Pastoral and pedagogical challenges and official Church responses. *Areas of future studies. *Conclusion.
Bosco Antony Ryan
ST 16 Indian Spirituality 1 Cr
This course makes a general survey of the origin and development of Indian culture, religion and philosophy from the Indus Valley Civilization to modern times. The earliest available texts of religion and philosophy in India are the Samhitas (Vedas). These texts are studied from such different angles as religion, philosophy, scripture and religious experiences. A short survey of the principal characteristics of the Brahmanas and Aranyakas introduces an integrated approach to the Upanishads. The course gives due emphasis to the Upanishads as sacred texts and studies the various philosophical discussions and religious experiences they enshrine. The relevance of the Upanishads to contemporary situation, dialogues, as well as, their pastoral value are
Antony Mookenthottam, msfs
ST 17 Indian Christian Spirituality 1 Cr
The spheres of this course comprise Eastern approach of Apophatism, the Eastern approach of Cataphatism and Institute versus reason. The classical Indian approach to Spirituality and its affinity to the Oriental Christian approaches: Atman vs Pneuma, Brahma-Saksatkara vs Theosis, Pranayama meditation vs Jesus prayer to hesychast meditation, and samadhi vs hesychis; the three margas of karma, jnana, bhakti, versus the three Western ways: Purgative, Illuminative and Unitive; the state of samadhi and the transformation of the soul to God.
Bibliography: Pandit, Motilal, Towards Transcendence, Delhi: Intercultural Publications, 1993. Puthenpura, Cheriyan, Yoga Spirituality, Bangalore: Camillian, 1997. Amalorpavadass, D.S., Indian Christian Spirituality, Bangalore: NBCLC, 1982. Freeman, Lawrence, Selfless Self, Bangalore: Indian Institute of Spirituality, 1994.
Antony Mookenthottam, msfs
ST 18 Special Questions in Christology 2 Cr
Jesus Christ is fundamental to our Christian identity. The mystery of Jesus Christ has a background as well as a progressive history of doctrinal development. No one term, title or image is adequate to encapsulate the breadth and depth of the mystery of Jesus Christ. ince the last century, there has been growing concern among Christologists to approach this mystery from different perspectives. These perspectives have been influenced by issues such as the historical character of revelation and the historicity of doctrinal expression. In our present context religions and cultures have shed their existence in isolation and have moved towards a dialogical existence and consequently we are experiencing a qualitatively different kind of pluralism from the past. This in turn allows emergence of questions on the uniqueness and the universality of Jesus Christ. This course deals with some of these questions raised to the assumptions of traditional Christology, as well as, the ones that emerge in living-dialogue with the Asian pluralistic religio-cultural context. This course will also focus on certain seminal contributions in response to these questions and their new insights and elements to the theological discourse, dialogue and debate about Jesus’ significance today.
Jacob Parappally, msfs
ST 19 Indo-Christic Liberative Spirituality 2 Cr
Nowadays the cry of liberation is being raised from all quarters. Equally the methods of violence are also being spread enormously. What then is the relevance of Christian spirituality at this juncture? Is it possible to really strive after Jesus Christ, “the Model of all perfections” (L.G.40) and yet, by the same token, be involved in socio political liberation, without subscribing to violence? To put it differently, can we lift the Sermon on the Mount of Jesus above the mere individual interaction and convert the soul-force to a social force, and thereby bridge the gap between personal/spiritual attainment and political involvement? It is to such questions that the Course gives an affirmative answer by bringing to light the spirituality of Mahatma Gandhi and of Martin Luther King Jr.
Encouraged by the Church’s declaration that she “rejects nothing of what is true and holy in other religions” (N.A.2) and her readiness to “foster and take to herself in so far as they are good the ability, resources and customs of each people” (L.G. 13) the Course, first, explicates the dynamics of a spiritual seeker who is culturally Indian in approach, profoundly Christic in experience, and decisively liberative in application. Thus in the first Part the Course outlines the stages of the spiritual journey of a most ordinary man into a recognized Mahatma with a view to understanding the essence of his creative growth and elucidating the salient features of his search so as to involve oneself in the socio-political liberative struggles. It also spells out the impact of the Christic love-maxim on his unique discovery of Satyagraha for political liberation.
In the second Part, the course examines the verifiability of this discovery by studying a Christian pastor’s methodology in the liberative struggles of the Civil Rights Movement in America. Here also an attempt is made to analyze the spiritual journey of the young pastor, bringing out the impact of Gandhi on his methodology that helped him follow the Master as closely as possible.
Finally the course considers the possibility of applying such a liberative spirituality to our problems of social discrimination, gender inequality and economic disparity in the Indian context.
1. To analyze the spiritual growth of an Indian seeker who was indeed an ardent believer of Jesus as the supreme satyagrahi, and bring out the dynamics of his spirituality.
2. To explore the spiritual journey of a zealous Christian pastor who, by applying method of satyagraha to the oppressed lot of his own society, successfully achieved the liberation of his people in the Third Way of his Master.
3. To learn to lift the love-maxim of the Sermon on the Mount above the individual strivings to an effective social force so to achieve liberation of the oppressed
4. To discover ways applying spirituality to today’s problem of our society, especially of the dalits, women, and the poor.
Bibliography : M.K. Gandhi, Autobiography: My Experiments with Gandhi, From Yeravada Mandir, My Religion, Prayer, Self Restraint, In Search of the Supreme, Vol. 1-3, Ahmedabad, Navajivan Publication. Martin Luther King Jr., Strides Towards Freedom, New York, Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1958. ——, Where do we go from here: Chaos or Community?, New York, Harper & Row, 1968. Richard Deats, Martin Luther King Jr. Spirit-led Prophet, New York, New City Press, 1999. A. Pushparajan, Search for Peace: Gandhian Techniques, Nagpur, India Peace Centre, 1993. ——, “The Universal Spirit and an Indigenous Leader”, in Vaiharai, A Theological Quarterly, Tiruchirappally, Vol 3, No. 1, January, 1998. ——, “Gandhi’s Commitment to Social Justice”, in Indian Church Struggle for New Society, D.S. Amalorpavadass, Bangalore, NBCLC, 1992. ——, “The Image of a Liberated Person: A Gandhian Perspective”, in: Vaiharai, ATheological Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4, October, 1997. ——, “Prayer Meetings with Gandhi”, in Gandhi Marg, New Delhi, Gandhi Peace Foundation, December, 1986. ——, “Liberation of the Untouchables: A Comparative Study of the Gandhian Techniques with Dr. Ambedkar”, in Gandhian Techniques for the Liberation of Weaker Sections/Arunachalam and Jeyapragasam (eds.), Madhurai, Sarvodaya Ilakkiya Pannai, 1987. ——, “Gandhis Approach to Women’s Liberation”, in Journal of Dharma, Bangalore January-March, 1988.
ST 20 Prayer and Mysticism 2 Cr
What are the various notions of prayer? Prayer is loving. Solitude and silence are requisites for maturity in prayer. Prayer of heart is a condition to succeed in prayer. What are the obstacles to prayer? An analysis is made here regarding prayer of adoration, thanksgiving, reparation and petition. The courses also teaches grades of prayer, asceticism and mysticism, characteristics of mysticism, sanctifying grace, gift of the Holy Spirit and mystical experience, purgation and mysticism, prayer leading to mystical experience, transforming union and highest peak of perfection, mysticism and Liberation, extraordinary mystical phenomena and mysticism outside the Christian Church.
ST 21 Formation 1 Cr
This course aims to serve an introduction to the art and discipline of spiritual formation (The insights of word are drawn from the Signs of Foundational Human Formation – SFHF - and its corresponding theory of Christian Formation). In the light of the history and meaning of “science” and the meaning inherent in the phenomenon of “formation”, this course, first of all, considers the need, the significance, and the implications of a scientific approach to spiritual formation. Out of the foundational vision of life and of the human person under formation, we survey the personality theory developed by formation science. Efforts are made to help students relate study to their experience and to the Christian formation tradition. The emphasis throughout is upon the personal assimilation of these insights and on helping the participants apply theories critically and creatively in dialogue with the dynamics of formation at work in one’s personal and communitarian situations.
ST 22 Pastoral Psychology and Family Counselling 2 Cr
Relationship is the heart of family life. Family members interact to express their core needs and emotions. The quality of relationship most often determines the quality of life. This course offers a new way of addressing relationship based on the Family Systems Approach developed by Dr. Murray Bowen. This influential theory evolved from psychoanalytic principles and practice based on systems thinking. The course also offers skills and tools for counsellors and those in ministry to address emotional and relationship issues not only in marriage and family but also in any emotional unit to improve the functioning of relationship.
Abraham Vettuvelil, msfs
ST 23 Spirituality of the Laity 1 Cr
This course explores the concept of Laity and Lay Spirituality in Christian understanding. Lay people and their contribution to the development of Christian Spirituality in the ancient Church; the women saints as mystics, teachers and leaders in Spirituality; Vatican II and the emphasis on universal call to holiness – Lumen Gentium, Gaudium et Spes, Apostolatus Actnositatem speaking on Lay Spirituality. Baptism – lay spirituality stressing laity’s participation in Christ’s priestly, prophetic, servant-kingly offices. Laity in the world to serve the world. A spirituality that shines forth in the involvement in the world to change it from within. Lay Spirituality as a ferment inserted into the world. A Spirituality centered on marriage and family converting the families into domestic Church. Lay Spirituality and its relevance to the civic and social life imparting Christian spirit to various organizations. Bibliography: Brenda, Jess S. (ed.): Spirituality of the Laity. Taipei, 1990. Keith, Clerk: The Skilled Participant. Notre Dame, 1988. L. Doolan: The Lay Centered Church. Minn. Winston, 1984. J. & E. Whitehead: The Emerging Laity. New York, 1986. A. Faivre: The Emergence of the Laity in the Early Church. New York, 1990. Y. Congar: Lay People in the Church. Westminster, 1957. R.J. Monw: Called to Holiness. New York, 1980.
ST 24 Spirituality of the Letter to the Romans 2 Cr
Doctrinally the most important document of Paul is his Letter to the Romans. After a brief introduction, this course will deal with the location of the Romans in the NT Corpus and in Corpus Paulinum. The course focuses on the point, how to interpret an ancient text like omans; the three worlds- the world of the real author and the real reader, the world of the text, the world of the implied reader and the present day reader. It will take into consideration the rhetorical structure of the Romans, the general analysis of the entire letter, an exegetical understanding of the prologue and the proposition (1: 1-17) and a special discussion on 5:12 and the concepts of original sin. This course also will deal with a few passages concerning the Pauline idea of righteousness of God, justification by faith, original sin, baptismal life, Law-Sin-Death, and life in the Spirit.
Bibliography: Donfried K.P. (ed.), The Romans Debate, Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1991. Kaesemann, E., Commentary on Romans, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1980. Barth, K., The Epistle to the Romans, London: Oxford University Press, 1977. Cranfield, C.B.E., Romans: A Short Commentary, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1985. Dodd, C.H., The Epistle of Paul to the Romans, London: Fontana Books, 1968. Moo, D.J., The Epistle to the Romans, Michigan: Eerdmans, 1996. Dunn, J.D.G., Romans, 2 Vols. Dallas: Word Books, 1988.
ST 25 Spirituality of Communication 1 Cr
This course focuses on the fruitful and fascinating approaches of communication for people of all walks of life particularly for Priests and Religious. It offers both practical and deeply spiritual insights into the art of communicating with oneself, with others and with God. In this world of high speed, instant communication, globalization and market expansion our Mission depends on Religious and Spiritual Communication. How best we can carry this out is based on our Love of God the Father, Son and the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit always leads people to new frontiers. In Jn 16/13, we read, when the Spirit of Truth comes, He will guide you into all the truth.
Bibliography: Babin, Pierre; Mercedes Iannone (trans.); Smith David, The New era in Religious Communication, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991. Martini, Carlo, Communicating Christ to the World, Philippine Edition, Manila: Claretians, 1996. Gaston, Roberge, The Faithful Witness: On Christian Communication, Anand: Gujarat Sahitya Prakash, 1999. Lambert, Willi, Directions for Communication Discoveries with Ignatius of Loyola, Bangalore: Claretian Publications, 2000.
ST 26 Mission and Prayer in the New Testament 1 Cr
Prayer and Mission are closely inter-connected in the ministry of Jesus and Paul.
Bibliography: 1. Jesus: Jeremias, J., The Prayers of Jesus, London: SCM, 1967. Navone, Themes of St. Luke, Rome: PUG, 1970. Hamman, A., Prayer, the New Testament, Chicago: Franciscan Press, 1971. Feldkamper, L., Der Betende Jesus als Heilsmittler nach Lukas, St. Augustin: Steyler Verlag, 1978. Boff, L., The Lord’s Prayer, New York: Orbis, 1983 (= Satprakashan, Indore). Mulloor, A., Jesus’ Prayer of Praise, New Delhi: Intercultural Publications, 1996. Amalorpavadass, D.S., Praying Seminar, Bangalore: NBCLC, no date, pp. 67-91.
2. Paul - Wiles, G.P., Paul’s Intercessory Prayers, SNTSMS 24, Cambridge: CUP, 1974 O’Brien, P.T., Introductory Thanksgiving in the Letters of Paul, SNT 49, Leiden: Brill, 1977. Monloubou, L., Saint Paul et la Priere, Priere et Evangelisation, LD 110, Paris: Cerf, 1982. Tassin, CI., Saint Paul Homme de Priere, Paris: Editions Oeuvrieres, 2003.
L. Legrand, mep
ST 27 Spirituality of the Book of Revelation 1 Cr
The Book of Revelation, written in an apocalyptic garb, belongs to the biblical prophetic tradition. Mostly, this book is appealed to fringe groups, radical reformists, revolutionary utopian movements or the socially disadvantaged and alienated minority. They read it as a prophetic oracle on end time or as political-religious typology. The main-stream churches were often suspicious of this book in the past, and are only slowly re-claiming its spiritual power. John addressed this book in a context of liturgy to the churches that were undergoing unprecedented tribulation. It is primarily a challenge to the churches to come back to the true sovereign God, to listen to what the Spirit is saying to them and to participate in the redemptive work of Christ. It also comforts the churches by revealing to them that they are under heavenly protection in their tribulations and that the New Jerusalem absolutely devoid of evil will be realized. Revelation is a rhetoric masterpiece that challenges the faithful to absolute loyalty to Christ and to action in the present. This book is rooted in the mystical experience of John. To read and understand the book of Revelation, therefore, is to embark on a spiritual adventure.
Bibliography: Aune, D.E., Revelation, I-III, WBC 52A-C, Nashville 1997-1998. Bauckham, R., The Climax of Prophecy. Studies on the Book of Revelation, Edinburgh 1993. Bauckham, R., The Theology of the Book of Revelation, Cambridge 1993. Beale, G.K., The Book of Revelation, NIGTC, Grand Rapids 1999. Beasley-Murray, G.R., The Book of Revelation, NCBC, London 1981. Collins, A.Y., Crisis & Catharsis. The Power of the Apocalypse, Philadelphia 1984. Collins, J.J., The Apocalyptic Imagination. An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature, The Biblical Resource Series, Grand Rapids, 19982. Giblin, C.H., The Book of Revelation. The Open Book of Prophecy, Collegeville, Minnesota 1991. Hanson, Paul D (ed), Visionaries and their Apocalypses, Fortress Press, Philadelphia, 1983. Harrington, W.J., Revelation, Sacra Pagina, Collegeville, Minnesota 1993. Hellholm, D. (ed), Apocalypticism in the Mediterranean World and the Near East: Proceedings of the Inernational Colloquium on Apocalypticism, Uppsala, August 12-17, 1979, Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck, 1983.
Johnson Puthussery, cst
ST 28 Salesian Spirituality: Hermeneutical Approach 1 Cr
St. Francis de Sales, through his writings, offers profound advice to persons living in the midst of the world and desiring to pursue a holy life. He felt that all people in all walks of life are called by God to live a devout life. Through a series of writings, conferences, ermons and letters, he offers practical suggestions for navigating thechallenges of the world and for making true progress in one’s spiritual journey. He was neither watering down the monastic theological tradition to the secular field nor bringing secularism into the ecclesial realm. However, he was developing a way and method, by which all people can make progress towards a devout life. In Salesian Spirituality, nothing is little and insignificant in the service of God; each endeavour has its particular importance. Our actions, however small they are; they are important and meaningful in the service of God. Neither one state of life is better than another, nor one type of profession nobler than others. We can produce the fruits of our devotion and love according to our ability and occupation. This course intends to demonstrate how Salesain spirituality can make our life better by finding God in our ordinary, day-to-day situations.
Bibliography: Introduction to the Devout Life. Translated by Antony Mookenthottam, Armind Nazareth and Antony Kolencherry. Bangalore: SFS Publications, 2002. Thy Will be Done: Letters to Persons in the World. Translated by Henry Benedict Mackey. Manchester, New Hampshire: Sophia Institute Press, 1995. Treatise on the Love of God. Vol. 2 Translated by Antony Mookenthottam, Armind Nazareth and Henry Kodikuthiyil,. Bangalore: SFS Publications, 2009. Spiritual Directory of Saint Francis de Sales: Reflections for the Laity, Edited by Lewis S. Fiorelli. Boston: St. Paul Editions, 1985. Ceresko, Anthony R. St. Francis de Sales and the Bible. Bangalore: SFS Publications & ATC Publication, 2005. Manalel , Devasia. Spiritual Direction: A Methodology. Bangalore: SFS Publications, 2005. Perumalil , Thomas. Perfection: A Salesian Perspective. Bangalore: Indian Institute of Spirituality, 1998. Sankarathil, John. Humility and Gentleness: Theological Investigations in the Writings of St. Francis de Sales, Bangalore: Asian Trading Corporation, 2009.
John Sankarathil, osfs
ST 29 Benedictine Spirituality 1 Cr
Christian monastic movement is the faithful response to the Revelation and the challenge of evangelical life. The great pioneers of early Christian monasticism lived in Egypt, Palestine, Asia Minor, Syria, North Africa and Europe. St. Benedict was a man of prayer and through him many miracles were performed by God. His life proclaimed the ideals he lived and taught. The rule of St. Benedict shows that the Benedictine monastic life is a journey to God. The Benedictine monastic life consisted of Lectio Divina, Meditation, Prayer, Work, Charity, Cenobitic Life and Contemplation. Selected characteristics of the stages of ascent in Benedictine prayer life are pure prayer, prayer of love, compunction of heart, purity of heart and incessant prayer. Liturgical life is the Work of God in the Benedictine life. This life style helps one to seek and journey to God through obedience along the way of monastic discipline. Monastery is a house of God under the leadership of an Abbot who is to be the father of a monastery leading the children of God to God. The merit of a Benedictine’s life is always set at the service of the community, which comprises the apostolate of hospitality, fraternal charity with honesty in all dealings. Evangelical vows form the basic qualification for the Benedictine monastic vocation. The course would also enlighten the participants regarding the organization of a Benedictine monastery, the structure of the Confederation of the Order of St. Benedict and the relevance of Benedictine monastic life today in the Church.
Recommended Bibliography: The Rule of St. Benedict: Mayeul de Dreuille (Intro. & Trans.) The Rule of St. Benedict: Timothy Fry (ed.), St. Benedict, Life and Miracles: Gregory the Great, Life of St. Antony: T. Meyer (Trans.), Christ is the Ideal of the Monk: Columba Marmion Precis D’Histoire Monastique: Patrice Cousin, Consider Your Call: A Theology of Monastic Life Today: Daniel Rees
Soji Kuttikat, OSB
ST 30 Eco-Spirituality 1 Cr
We live in an age of globalization wherein our values are focused on economic growth at the expense of environmental health, population growth and quality of life, and fleeting artificial luxuries at the expense of lasting natural beauty. Our following of these mistaken values now threatens the survival of whole vast eco-systems, upon which we depend for food, resources and energy. It even threatens the earth’s climate. We need a new value system, a new ethic. We need a new way of looking at the world, of understanding the living systems that surround us and also compose us. We need an environmental philosophy. The key principles that are dealt with in this course are: theological approaches to ecology – from Christian and non-Christian perspectives, eco-ethics, eco-feminism and a Christian response to environmental problems today. The course also highlights the need for each individual to think and to understand that deep ecology is a formative derivational system which calls for commitment to action.
Recommended Bibliography: Attfield, R., The Ethics and Environmental Concern, New York, 1983. Baum, G. & Ellsberg, R., The Logic of Solidarity, New York, 1989. Berry T., The Dream of the Earth, San Francisco, 1988. Birch, C., Eakin. W., & McDaniel, J.B., Liberating Life: Contemporary Approaches to Ecological Theology, New York, 1990. Fox, Warwick, Toward a Transpersonal Ecology: Developing New Foundations for Environmentalism, Boston & London, 1990. Kumar, H. D., Modern Concepts of Ecology, New Delhi, 1991. Lodha, R. M., Environmental Essays, New Delhi, 1991
Naess, Arne, Ecology, Community and Life-Style, Cambridge, 1989
Sessions, George (ed.), Deep Ecology for the Twenty-First Century, Boston, 1995
Henry Jose Kodikuthiyil, msfs
ST 31 Spirituality of Psalms 2 Cr
The book of Psalms or Psalter belongs to the Ketubiim (Writings) of the Jewish division of the Bible. For Christians, Psalms are part of the Wisdom Literature of the Sacred Scripture. Psalms occupy a unique place in Christian liturgy and spirituality throughout the centuries. They are the prayers composed by God and given to humankind for our spiritual nourishment. Psalms use the ‘I-Thou’ language to depict divine-human relationship, whereas the other books of the Bible mostly use ‘he-they’ language. God personally converses with us in the Psalms. Humans pour out their variegated emotions and feelings before God when they stand in prayer in the presence of God. Psalms help us to open ourselves before God in the nakedness of our being in all situations of joy, sorrow, anger, despair, victory and defeat. Psalms of praise lead us to experience the sweetness of God. Psalms of lamentation help us to place all our pains and sorrows, hurts and humiliations before God. They heal our broken hearts. They are a means of catharsis, if we use a term from modern psychology. Psalms build up our Christian piety, nurture our prayer life, enable us to experience God, empower us to shape healthy community life, and strengthen us to grow in Christian maturity. If we want to see the whole Christian church painted in glowing colours we must get hold of the Psalter. We cannot celebrate Christian liturgy or prayer service without the chanting of psalms. Our Lord Jesus prayed psalms more than any other human being. Together with Christ, we as the members of his mystical body, the church, pray psalms today. In this course on the spirituality of Psalms, we try to make an in-depth and scientific study of psalms so as to bring out the spiritual richness of this great book of the Bible. Our course includes roughly the following topics:
1. Primary Notions about the Psalms
2. Contributions of the modern scholars in the study of Psalms
3. Origin of the psalms and the formation the Psalter
4. Profound Spiritual Themes of the Psalms: Concept of God, Concept of humans, eschatological perspectives, messianism, dynamics of prayer, religion, etc.
5. Different Categories of Psalms: Spirituality of the Psalms of Praise, of Lamentation, of Confidence, of Thanksgiving, Royal and Didactic Psalms; detailed study of at least one psalm from each category.
6. Enemies of the Psalmist; imprecations in the psalms- how do we as Christians pray such psalms
7. Exegetical Study of certain individual psalms from the Hebrew text
8. How to pray psalms today in a meaningful and experiential manner
Recommended Bibliography: Hans-Joachim Kraus, Psalms: A Commentary, Minneapolis Augsburg, 1989; S. Mowinckel, Psalms in Israel’s Worship, 2 volumes, New York, Abingdon, 1962; L. Sabourin, The Psalms: Their Origin and Meaning, New York, Alba House, 1974; C. A. Briggs, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Psalms, New York, 1906-7; A. Weisser Commentary on the Psalms; W. L. Holladay, The Psalms through Three Thousand Years, Minneapolis, Fortress Press, 1996.
ST 32 Spiritual Direction 1 Cr
The divine dimension in human being is a mysterious realm. There is an innate thirst in every human being for more than the material; something that calls out for higher spheres of meaning and existence. We call it the realm of the spirit. Christian spiritual direction traces its roots to the revelation in the Sacred Scriptures and Tradition, which emerged with the fullness of manifestation of the divine in Jesus Christ. Its core is Christ, who is the way, the truth and the life; who pours out the Holy Spirit in the hearts of the faithful. The necessity of spiritual guidance, guidance at different stages of one’s growth in the Spirit, difficulties that are faced at different levels of one’s response to the Spirit, difference between spiritual direction and other forms of guidance and guidance in discernment are some of the topics that are dealt within this course.
Recommended Bibliography: C. Gratton, The Art of Spiritual Guidance, New York: Crossroad, 1992.
A. Van Kaam, Formative Spirituality, 5 vols., New York: Crossroad, 1983-1992. A. Barry William & J. Conolly William, The Practice of Spiritual Direction, New York: The Seabury Press, 1982. Thomas Merton, Spiritual Direction and Meditation, Collegeville, The Liturgical Press, 1960. Jean Laplace, Preparing for Spiritual Direction, Tr. John C. Guinnes, Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1975.
Antony Mookenthottam, msfs
ST 33 Spirituality of the Wisdom Literature 1 Cr
Today we are living in times where intelligence and knowledge is increasing, but wisdom is decreasing. Knowledge is no guarantee for people not to act foolishly and unwisely. In such a context, it is worth the task to understand the exigency of wisdom, the value of it and the way to attain it. The course quite modestly undertakes a journey into the meaning of wisdom, the development of the current and the literature of it. It also undertakes a study of the individual books of the wisdom literature, especially concentrating on the books of Job, Qoheleth and Proverb. The course urges at every stage all of good will, not to be content with the intellectual pursuit, but to sincerely strive to become wise, by being “persons rooted in the ‘fear of the Lord’” and by being persons who are enlightened in their concrete living of wise options, convictions and decisions and actions.
Blessed are the wise for they shall see clearly, walk steadily, shine brightly and lead effectively!
Thumma Mariadas, msfs
ST 34 Eucharistic Spirituality 2 Cr
The sacrament of the Eucharist is the culmination and centre of all sacraments and indeed of the whole Christian life. It occupies the central place in the life of the Church, because it contains Christ Himself with his work. This course tries to understand the very development of the concept of the theology of the Eucharist from its Jewish background and down through the centuries, beginning with the first Christian communities and through the teachings of the Greek and Latin Fathers. The course also tries to understand the various Eucharistic controversies, emphasizing mainly the controversial teachings of Martin Luther, Huldreich Zwingli and John Calvin. In the light of these controversies a special attention is made to study the teachings of the Council of Trent on some of the essential teachings of the Catholic Church, such as the Real Presence, Transubstantiation, Local Presence, Eucharist as a Sacrifice, Eucharist as a Memory, Adoration of the Eucharistic Lord and the role of the Priest in the Eucharist. The course also emphasizes the practical role of the Eucharist in the life of each Christian.
Mazza, Enrico: The Celebration of the Eucharist: The Origin and the Development of its Interpretation / Mathew J. O’Connell (trans.). Collegeville-Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 1998.
Rubin Miri: Corpus Christi: The Eucharist in the Late Medieval Culture. Cambridge: University Press, 1991.
McPartlan, Paul: The Eucharist Makes the Church: Henri De Lubac and John Zizioulas in Dialogue. Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 1999.
Koottanal, Benni Grigoriose: Eucharist is Love: A Dogmatic and Hermeneutic Understanding of the Salesian Eucharistic Theology in the Calvinistic Era. Münster: LIT Verlag, 2005.
Barclay, William: The Lord’s Supper. London: SCM Press, 1967.
Bermejo, Louis: Body Broken, Blood Shed: The Eucharist of the Risen Christ. 3rd ed. Gujarat: Sahitya Prakash, 1988.
Chenderlin, Fritz: Do This as My Memorial. Analecta Biblica 99. Rome: Biblical Institute, 1982.
Clark, Francis: The Eucharistic Sacrifice and the Reformation. London: Darton Longman and Todd, 1960.
Davies, Horton: Bread of Life and Cup of Joy: Newer Ecumenical Perspectives of the Eucharist. Oregone: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 1993.
Power, N. David: Sacrament: The Language of God’s Giving. New York: Crossroad publishing Company, 1999.
Benny G. Koottanal, msfs